comparative Tsunami Case studies

Boxing Day Tsunami 2004

  •  14 countires 
  • 2 continents
  • many LICs
  • magintude of 9.1 to 9.3 ( very strong )
  • 250,000 deaths due to...
    • Isolated island nations were difficult to access
    • localised inaccessability led to more deaths
    • poor quality housing led to more deaths
    • coastal urabisiastion and high population density inceased vunerability 
    • uneducated fishermen lot their livelihoods
1 of 6

Japanese Tohoku 2011

  • 1 HIC
  • smaller spatial scale
  • minor global impacts
  • magnitude 8.9 ( strong )
  • strict seismic building codes & warning systems and texts prevented deaths ( lots of peoples stayed in country )
  • nuclear industry declined- loss of energy security
  • 15,000-18,000 deaths due to...
    • ageing population in Japan ( vulnerable )
    • localised inaccessibility led to more deaths
    • coastal urbanisation and high population density increased vulnerability
2 of 6

comparing the physical characteristics

Boxing day tsunami 2004

Japanese Tohoku 2011

  • waves hit a height of 15-30m
  • one of largest for 40 years - magnitude 9.1
  • after shock larger than magnitude of 7.0
  • travelled 10km in land
  • ground shaking for 6 minutes
  • wave hight upto 40m
3 of 6

comparing the key players

Boxing day Tsunami 2004

Japanese Tohoku 2011

  • It was the largest international AID effort in histroy ( £7000 million donated in 7 days)
  • Uk public donated £100 million 
  • NGOs (non govermental organisastion) charity e,g save the children
  • nationoal government - AID ( US , US, China )
  • united nation- raised awareness- social media
  • Japanese metrological agency gave early warnings
4 of 6

comparing the impacts

Boxing day tsunami 2004

Japanese Tohuko 2011

  • 250,000 deaths
  • $25 million lost in tourism industry
  • 5 million people in the 14 countries affected 
  • 70% of villages killed in some areas
  • level 7 meltdown-fukumisha nuclear plant 
  • 18,000 died
  • 12,000 buildings collapsed - fire & gas
5 of 6

Why are the cases so different?

Boxing day Tsunami 2004

Japanese Tohoku 2011

  • No early warning systems-LIC-cant afford tech
  • coastal communites unaware of danger- lack of education
  • many of surrounding countires are developing
  • well educuated and prepared
  • strict buildibg codes- early warning systems
  • high level development
6 of 6

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Case studies resources »