GEOG4- Tectonic activity and hazards [2014] pre-release series: #3- pre-release revision notes.

Hi there. 

It's me again with the resources for the unit four: tectonic activity and hazards.

You may have seen my resources from my unit 3, if you haven't, where have you been? Check my name and look at the resources for the pre-release I hope they help.

Anyway, I liked the concept of a series for the pre-release and I thought I'd do the same for the unit 4: tectonic activity and hazards.

So here's #3.

Projected documents in the series:

#1- Deciphering the question.

#2- Case studies for unit 4.

#3- Pre-release revision notes.

#4- PowerPoint on the pre-release.

Good luck for your exam! 


Feedback is welcome.

HideShow resource information
Preview of GEOG4- Tectonic activity and hazards [2014] pre-release series: #3- pre-release revision notes.

First 431 words of the document:

Pre-release (GEOG4)
revision notes
You need to link the information to the case studies that you have selected.
Structure of the exam
Plan!!! Even if you have prepared, the question will not be what you have predicted and so you need to adapt your research to
the question. It also makes sure that you provide points and key studies that are 100% relevant.
General tips
It needs to be focused and don't waffle.
Logical structure.
Headings that represent a report format.
Deconstruct the question- what is it asking of you? What do you need to do?
Introduction (10 marks)
It should set up a logical structure which should provide a framework with the key factors and well thought out case studies
that need to have been chosen selectively. It should highlight the purpose and the scale of the study.
Define title.
Demonstrate an understanding of the question/title.
Provide a framework for the answer.
Mention the scales of the response.
Indicate the appropriate case studies.
1. Definition of a tectonic hazard: a tectonic hazard is a tectonic event that has the possibility of a threat to life or
damage to property.
2. Definition of a tectonic disaster: EM-DAT suggested that a tectonic disaster is when 10+ people are killed, 100+
people are affected, a state of emergency is declared or international aid is called for.
3. Definition of modifying the loss of burden: this would be the ability to spread the effects of a burden (e.g. death) and
reduce the effects of a loss of human life.
4. Definition of modifying the event: this would be reducing the effects of the hazard to reduce the effects of the event.
5. Definition of modifying the human vulnerability: this involves adjusting people to the event occurring.
Methodology (1 marks)
There needs to be books, magazines/articles and websites. Try to consider the bias of the different research sources. If you
put your methodology in a table then try to link into paragraphs, e.g. see 1.1 in the table.
Analysis (20 marks)
Remember there needs to be a sequence of the analysis. Don't forget to add models and theories that apply. Add
sub-conclusions at the end of every paragraph to create ongoing evaluation. E.g. `therefore, in conclusion...'

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Conclusion and evaluation (15 marks)
X There should be no new information in the conclusion.
It should draw together all the main threads of the essay arguments and should conclude through a series of conclusions OR
one overall conclusion. It also should appreciate the complexity of the title rather than the simplistic cause and effect.
Quality of Written Communication [QWC] (10 marks)
Good geographical terminology.
Good structure and sequence.
Clear, logical arguments.
Display integrated knowledge and understanding.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Tsunamis (secondary hazard)
Early warning system has been installed in the Indian Ocean which cost $20 million and was introduced following the
effects of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. This allows time for evacuation and/or people to move to a higher ground.
Contrasting example is the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (2004) which had no early warning systems despite its
large vulnerabilities. The 2012 earthquake in Indonesia shows the differences in preparation and how past knowledge can
impact future hazards.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Case study: Mount Mayon
3,000 farmers refused to leave in the 2000 eruption. However, there was governmental intervention as the UN Human Rights
council allowed the government to turn off water and electricity pipes.
Preparation according to the phases [volcanoes]
The National Institute for the Geophysics and Volcanology record variations from the various parameters. The eruption is
often characterised by the ash fall, pyroclastic flows and lahars. There is a progress to normalisation.
Warning systems
Buoys register the onset and progress of tsunamis.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

You can't modify the event of an earthquake nor can you successfully predict. With earthquakes, the aim is on modifying the
event after it has taken place. Strategies used before the event mainly focus on modifying human vulnerability. Whereas, after
the event, the focus is on modifying the loss of burden and reducing human vulnerability.
Key players
There is a focus on the government for both preparing and during the tectonic event because they are on the location and
preparing for the event.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Reproduce cats
Even in
Hyogo Framework
The Hyogo framework provides a strategic and systematic approach to reducing vulnerabilities and risks. It aims to build the
resilience of nations and communities. The priorities of actions focused on concluding on the previous Yokohoma strategy
and to share lessons on further disaster reduction. It aims to ensure there is disaster risk reduction on a local and national
level but aims to use knowledge to build a culture of safety.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »