Area of study 1.3 chopin

area pf study 1.3

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Chopin

  • polish
  • 1810-149
  • romantic composer
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romantic 1810-1900

  • written for grand piano can include expression
  • long lyrical melodies- cantabile
  • chromatic harmonies
  • melody dominated homophony
  • modulation around the circle of fifths
  • varied dynamics
  • detailed articulation
  • tempo ruberto
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structure

unbalanced ternary form

A B A Coda

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Rhythm and metre

  • moderate/slow tempo- marked sostenuto 
  • simple quadruple time 4/4
  • continuous ab raindrops in LH
  • in middle section RH takes raindrops
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melody

  • theme a is shown by the falling f, db, ab
  • theme b is a hymn like melody gradualy rising
  • lots of conjunct movement
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instrumentation

for solo piano...

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Texture

  • melody dominated homophony
  • inverted texture in middle section
  • expressive monophonic bit just before end
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Tonality

  • section a- db minor
  • section b- c#minor (tonic minor)
  • other minor modulations
  • tonal ambiguity in middle
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harmony

  • pivot notes (notes common to both keys) are used to switch between
  • lots of perfect cadences
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Dynamics

lots of them (detailed, frequent and dramatic)

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