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Area of Study 1: Chopin/Mozart/Handel
Chopin Mozart Handel
Performing Piano Chamber Orchestra (strings/1 flute/2: SATB choir and continuo (organ and
Forces Clarinets/Oboes/Bassoons/Horns) cello)
Melody Regular Phrase Structure 2 main melodies: 1st/2nd subjects in 4 motifs including:
A: Major contrasting keys. i) Triadic Movement
i) Mostly steps after initial Semitone interval in 1st subject is ii) Stepwise Movement
falling arpeggio. very important. iii) Repeated Note Movement
ii) Septuplets/grace Periodic phrasing and sequence. iv) Sequence
notes/turns. v) Dotted Rhythm
B: Minor, vi) Melismatic Word-setting
i) Mainly Crotchets vii) Syllabic Word-setting
ii) Lower Pitch (LH) viii) Varied Ranges
iii) Less decorated Melody
Time Sig 4/4 4/4 3/4
Tempo Sostenuto (slow), with some slowing Molto Allegro Allegro but Adagio at end.
down at end, rubato.
Rhythmic Complex decorations Anacrusis at the beginning of the Generally SNV ( and )
Features Pedal note in quavers ostinato 1st subject is important to the whole LNV for "and the mouth"
rhythm. movement. Dotted Rhythms
Mixture of note values used, A Syncopation and Augmentation Hemiola Rhythms at cadences
begins with a dotted rhythm. Contrasting rhythms in both
Dynamics & Generally soft in A Terraced dynamics; contrasts Few performing instructions
Articulation Wider range of dynamics in B (B achieved by varying the force Terraced Dynamics no written
starts sotto voce) used. cresc. / dim.
Legato main but accents in B Detailed articulation markings,
including slurs and sf.
Tonality Db Major (A) / C# Minor (B) G minor with 2nd subject in Bb A major dominant dominant.
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Wider variety of keys in SO Amaj Emaj Bmaj
Harmony Dissonance in B Lots of perfect cadences, espc. at Lots of (im)perfect cadenced
Use of perfect and imperfect end of coda & codetta. Plagal Cadence to finish.
cadences to end phrases. Usually dominant pedal note.
Dominant pedal note (Ab/G#)
Textures A: Melody (RH), Chords and Pedal Mainly melody-dominated Homophony (diff. instru used to
Note (LH) homophony. make chords)
B: roles switch. Building to thicker Some homophony for cadences.…read more