Area of study 1.1 handel

area of study 1 revision cards

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Baroque music

  • Small string orchestra
  • has a basso continuo
  • instruments normally follow the voices in the chorus
  • one mood for the whole piece- Affect
  • Functional harmony
  • some use of modulation
  • from a Cantata- multi movement piece for singer and orchestra for biblical text
  • clearly defined motifs
  • terrace dynamics
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Structure

Single movement with four main themes

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Rhythm and metre

  • allegro- simple triple metre (3/4)
  • dotted rhythm - shows dance like mood
  • rhythm used to show different themes
  • some Hemiola is used
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Melody and word setting

  • very distinctive themes
    • some of which are more melismatic then others
  • use of sequencing
    •  regurgitating the same melody a bit lower or higher.
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Instrumentation

  • small string orchestra- no tooty things
    • this is NOT common in baroque
  • the basso continuo is played by cello and organ
    • would traditionaly be played by harpsichord.
    • 
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Texture

  • Polyphonic or contrupuntal with imitation
  • homophoinc moments
  • monophonic moments add variaty.
  • voices sometimes in pairs
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Tonality

A Major- with modulation to closely-related keys.

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Harmony

  • lots of perfect cadences- help show modulation
  • 
  • Some plagal cadences- give relgious feel
  • diatonic harmony
  • use of tonic pedal
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Dynamics

Doesn't have any

but..

the amount of instruments play kinda make up for it

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Comments

Samuel Richardson

A good set of simple notes on the key points of different aspects of Handel's 'And the Glory of the Lord' with a bit of background information on the Baroque period. 

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