Slides in this set
Baroque Handel, `And the Glory of the
The Baroque Harmony
period was from 1600 Functional harmony,
to 1750. Handel wrote the plagal cadence (VI) at
Messiah in 1741. The very end.
Messiah is an oratorio a Rhythm
bit like a religious opera. It It is in ¾ but in some places it
is divided into 3 groups of 2.
was written to be sung at Dynamics This is called a hemiola (it
Easter time, but now it is
usually sung at Christmas.
Texture Terraced big sounds like it's in 2/4).
Mostly polyphonic with jumps between p
imitation, with and f.
homophony in some
places (e.g. the very end)
Mostly in A major, but
Melody modulates to E major
4 main musical ideas twice, and B major once.
Instrumentation However, there is one
throughout the piece (4
Full Baroque orchestra `affection' (mood) for the
motifs). Both syllabic and
Strings, basso continuo (cello whole piece.
melismatic word setting is
and organ) and SATB choir.
used. Each of the parts use
Classical Mozart, 1 movement from
`Symphony no. 40 in G minor'
The Classical period
was from 1750 to 1820. Mozart Harmony
wrote Symphony no. 40 in 1788. Mainly functional harmony,
He wrote it and two others in 6 in the development it
weeks. There are 4 movements becomes more chromatic as Dynamics Mainly simple rhythms which
in Symphony no. 40 (fast slow it explores different keys. Marked piano at the sound more complicated as
dance [minuet and tri0] fast). beginning, which is more parts are added. Lots of
Movement no. 1 is in sonata unusual for a Classical sequences (e.g. when the
form exposition, development, symphony, as they usually violins first play)
recapitulation. start with a loud opening.
Texture The transition (or bridge) is
Mainly homophonic and marked forte all the way
polyphonic, with some through, with lots of sfz.
imitation between the Tonality
lines Mainly in G minor, but
Melody modulates into Bb major in
Strings have most of the the exposition. In the
melody, with woodwind
Instrumentation development and
It is written for classical recapitulation, a lot of
getting fragments. The
orchestra woodwind, strings, other keys are explored,
melodies are graceful,
brass (only French horns) and including Eb major, F
with balanced phrasing.
no percussion minor, and D major.…read more
Romantic Chopin, `Prelude no. 15 in
Db Major' (The Raindrop Prelude)
period was from 1820 to Harmony
1900. Chopin wrote The Mainly functional harmony,
with added chords for colour.
Raindrop Prelude in 1839. It
There is also some
is quite short, but can be Uses tempo rubato the
divided into 4 main sections. dissonance for tension, and
performer can speed up and
The first 3 are ternary form modulation between keys. Dynamics slow down when they like. It is
(ABA) with a coda at the end. Lots of contrast in in 4/4.
It is known as The Raindrop the dynamics,
Prelude because of the especially in
repeated quaver and falling Texture section B it
motif throughout the piece. Melody and ranges from pp to Tonality
accompaniment, with ff. Changes (modulates) from
some homophony and major => minor => major (Db
monophony. => C# minor => Db).
Falling motif imitating the Instrumentation Romantic features
raindrops the repeated pedal Piano. The piano had been newly include programmatic music
note (Ab/G#) also creates the developed in the Romantic era, (which tells a story), an extended
same effect. Some of the melody increasing the range of notes and orchestra and harmony lines,
is in octaves, and in section B, the dynamic range. The sustain and longer, flowing melodies, and
the melody line swaps hands. soft pedals were also developed. expressive lines.…read more