Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
World Cities
The Global Pattern

Types of City

Millionaire city: a city with over one million inhabitants - 578 such cities

Mega city: metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million. Could be a result of one
metropolitan area converging with another (urban sprawl) - 27 such…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Below them are normal capital cities and some specialised cities. All are smaller with populations of
1-4 million. They compete with the world cities for their specialised functions e.g. Brussels, Rome and
Geneva for government or Milan for design. Euro cities form a tight inner circle forming the National

Page 3

Preview of page 3
slum housing. Urbanisation has been happening in South America, Asia and Africa since the mid-20th

As with Europe many people have been pushed from the countryside by poverty, unemployment,
hunger and lack of opportunity and pulled to the cities by hope of jobs, or the hope they can survive…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
street-hawkers, shoe-shiners, beggars, thieves and prostitutes. They can account for up
to 40% of the labour force but earning and living standards are low.
The centre of cities contains the homes of the upper and middle classes. Beyond the
middle class suburbs, the more recent suburbs have haphazard housing and…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
However living conditions are very poor with sights and smells that are unknown to the
It is a hive of activity with a large number of thriving small-scale industries that produce
embroidered garments, export quality leather goods, pottery and plastic. Most of these are
made in tiny manufacturing units…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Families could afford their own horse and carriage so could still work in the city centres
Transport development such as trams, underground railways and cars made it possible for
more and more people to live further from the centre. More and more houses/rings were
therefore added to the centre

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Counterurbanisation is highly age and income selective and there are 3 distinct groups instrumental in
the population turnaround:

1. Commuters ­ improvements in transport especially the growth in private car ownership
since the 1960s have enabled greater division of home and work. In the case of workers still
working in…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
c. Agriculture has adapted to an increased, more affluent rural population with more
leisure time. Enterprises such as `pick your own' and `non farming' activities such as
adventure parks and riding stable are increasing due to new demand.
2. Social
a. Population structures have changed. Settlements that have attracted commuter…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
raise families. When the electric railway became the basis for the Metro system in 1980, the town
became even more popular with commuters encouraging further counterurbanisation from the city.

Re-urbanisation: the movement of people back to live in old city centres which have been

Since the 1970s there have…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Urban Decline and Regeneration within Urban Areas
During the Industrial revolution people moved from the country to cities, however subsequent
economic change left cities economically vulnerable after the population boom. At the end of WW2
suburbanisation was encouraged by taxing the city people and therefore encouraging building in the


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »