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Scool- Revision notes, World cities


URBAN AREA is a city or town.

URBANISATION: The process whereby rural areas (countryside) are becoming urban. It will involve an
increase in the absolute (and usually percentage of) population living in the urban area. The urban
area will also grow in size…

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Case Study
Urbanisation in LEDC's- Dharavi, Mumbai

Formally known as Bombay, is India's largest city with around
14,350,000 people.
India's financial centre, a major port and industrial are and the home
of the `Bollywood' film industry and a centre for culture


Rapid growth people from the countryside seeking…

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Previous solutions

In 1970 a major plan was developed to move many of the port industries in
to Navi Mumbai on the mainland to the east. The plan was only partially
successful and central Mumbai is still overcrowded, so are the transport
links. The focus is now on Dharavi.


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The process of suburbanisation is entering a new phase with offices and businesses now
leaving the city for the suburbs
Rapid urban growth creates social and environmental problems, including sprawl, pollution,
congestion, and problems of water supply and waste disposal


1. SUBURBANISATION ­ decentralisation of people, employment and services…

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Many estates were private houses, Surbiton, middle class and affluent, little crime,
environmentally sustainable
Still several council estates built to re-house people from the inner
cities, Becontree, working class and unemployed, similar to what
it was like in inner city London, high crime rates, limited facilities
The major consequence of…

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Where do people move to?

LA has a total of 28 edge cites
Orange county where it is much safer than central LA

Why move to an edge city?

Much safer
Provide more offices and more advanced communications
Large malls are built due to good transport, and high incomes Warner…

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Rural dream (idea of the `rural idyll' ­ pleasant surroundings, quiet etc.)
Estate Agents, housing developers etc. All encourage outward movement through new
developments / building more houses and marketing these areas.

Consequences of counter urbanisation


House prices increase ­ locals young people cannot afford to buy

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Problems of growth

Shortage of affordable housing in the city
Severe traffic congestion on the roads over half the people who work in Cambridge live
outside the city centre, worst being in the south
Skilled workers are unwilling to move to Cambridge because of the high cost of housing


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RE-URBANISATION- Is the movement of people into the city centre or inner city. This is part of urban

Three main processes

1. GENTRIFICATION-In movement by individuals or groups of people into older housing that was in
a state of disrepair and then the improvement of the housing…

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Secluded gardens which area desirable for families
Notting Hill the film ( Hugh Grant) popularised the area
Famous people like Stella McCartney and Robbie Williams

However it is not all nice the Trellick tower was built in 1973 is infamous for rape and drug
Built by Hungarian Erno Goldfinger…


Joe Pape


Your notes have literally got me through revision, thanks a lot!

Taj Dogra


Thanks, very good notes :)

Josh Price


take a bow son



these notes are amazing, I like that there is a detailed case study for every section of the topic.

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