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Initial Problems
After the First World War Germany was
left in ruins, 2 million had died and
Germany's surrender did not please the
German people. There were many strikes
and demonstrations and a lot of people were
· Ludendorff, who was the military
commander fled to Sweden.
· Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated.
· Leader of Social Party ­ Fredrick Ebert
was appointed leader of the government.
· 11th November 1918 German armed forces
surrender.…read more

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The Spartacist Rebellion
· 5th January 1919 ­ attempted an armed
putsch in Berlin aiming to snatch power
from President Ebert.
· They gained control of some newspaper
offices but Ebert called on the Freikorps
(Fascist Soldiers) to put the revolt down.
· By 13th January the Spartacist putsch
had been stamped out and its two leaders
­ Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebnacht
has been murdered.
· The putsch had demonstrated political
instability and this was addressed by the…read more

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Kapp Putsch
· Right wing extremists used the newly
formed Freikorps to stage an armed
uprising in Berlin in March 1920.
· Led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp when
Ebert called on the soldiers to fire on
the Freikorps they refused to do it.
· It was a general strike lead by workers
which fizzled out after just four days ­
and Kapp and his accomplice General…read more

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The Munich Putsch
Introduction of the Nazi Party.
· The effects of hyperinflation aroused
anger with the small extreme right
winged party ­ The Nazi Party.
· Founded in 1919 by Anton Drexler,
Adolf Hitler soon joined and replaced
Drexler as leader by 1921.
· Ex Freikorps soldiers were asked to
join and these men created the SA or
brownshirts, led by Ernst Röhm.
· On 8th November 1923 Hitler…read more

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· With a gun at his head, Gustav von
Kahr who was holding the meeting,
had to agree with Hitler's plans
however informed the police of Hitler's
plans as soon as he had left.
· Hitler and Ludendorff were arrested
and only Hitler was found guilty.
· He spend nine months of a five year
prison sentence in jail where he wrote
his book ­ `Mein Kampf'.…read more

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