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The Burgess model is an urban
land use model, which divided
cities into a set of concentric
circles. It is a representation of a
MEDC, with the CBD in the
middle, surrounded by factories
and industry, then by housing
getting higher class as you expand
out, away from the CBD. Beyond
the zone of transition are the rings
of residential housing. As people
became wealthier they could afford
to live further out of town, in
bigger houses, with larger
gardens. The houses closest to the
centre originally would have
housed the workers for the inner
city industries. Many British cities
still have many of these terraced
houses remaining.…read more

Slide 3

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The Hoyt model is another urban land
use model for an MEDC. Hoyt's model
modified that of Burgess following the
development of public transport. His
model suggests that transport and
physical features were important, with
industrial areas developing outwards in
sectors along main transport routes
(roads, rivers and canals) and housing
growing up around these. The lowest
class housing would be closest to the
industry, and probably be located
where the prevailing winds would blow
the pollution towards them (and away
from the higher class housing).The high
class housing also is in a sector of its
own, running all the way from the CBD,
where many of the residents would
work, to the outer suburbs.…read more

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Based on cities of the developing world, using
some of the ideas found in the MEDC models,
but also incorporating the urban features only
found in LEDC cities. The CBD is still central to
the urban area, and is the area of highest land
price. However around it is the most expensive
residential areas. In some places, such as Sao
Paulo, this means huge luxurious high-rise
apartments blocks. Industrial development is
along major transport routes, whilst there are
also sectors of high-class housing.
The most striking difference between the LEDC
model and the MEDC models is the remaining
residential areas. They have been divided into
three sections. The periferia are low class, poor
quality houses. However they do have limited
amenities and are permanent homes.
The favelas or shanty towns are illegal
settlements, where the houses are built from
what ever the people can find, and there are no
basic amenities. In some cities, such as Sao
Paulo, schemes have been introduced to help
the residents of the favelas, and these people
can be found in the sector of housing
improvements schemes.…read more

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· The CBD: The focal point of the city, with
the highest land prices. The CBD is where
shops will locate as they know it is the
most accessible point for the people of the
city. The high land prices mean that
buildings tend to grow upwards, and this is
why CBD's often have tall skyscrapers,
particularly in American cities. The main
functions of the CBD will include retail,
entertainment, financial services and other
professional services…read more

Slide 6

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Inner city
· The Inner City: This is Burgess's zone of transition. The
inner city in the 19th Century would have been the centre
of industry for most cities. Low paid workers would have
lived in the many rows of terraced houses that were built
beside the factories. Nowadays, although the factories
have gone, many of the terraced houses remain. The
Inner city of many urban areas has undergone great
changes. These are covered in detail in a later section.
However once the industry moved out, the inner cities
became areas in need of redevelopment. The first plan
was to build tall blocks of flats to replace the terraces.
This occurred in the 1960's and 1970's. During the 1990's
Inner City redevelopment has taken the form of
gentrification schemes aimed at rejuvenating the area,
producing more of a community spirit, whilst trying to
keep some of the old architecture…read more

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