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Urban Environment

World's top ten most populated cities:

1950 2005
New York Tokyo
London Mexico City
Tokyo Sao Paulo
Paris New York
Moscow Mumbai
Shanghai Delhi
Rhine-Ruhr Kolkata
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires
Chicago Jakarta
Kolkata Shanghai
1950 big cities
North America- 2
Europe- 4
Asia- 3
Latin America-1

2005 big…

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Inner City
Old high-density terraced houses, few stories high, often flats and badly maintained
Old and sometimes abandoned factories and warehouses
Areas of derelict land around railway sidings
High rise flats
Some smart new developments
General run-down appearance
Semi-detached houses and small shopping parades
More modern housing estates mainly…

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Problems in Inner City

Environmental problems Social Problems Economic Problems
Housing is either old terraces or Above average number of Local employment declined as
cheap tower blocks-derelict pensioners, single-parent families, industries and docks closed
ethnic minorities and students
Many derelict building-factories, Poorer than average health but Higher than average rates…

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In cities cars cause problems like:
The streets are too narrow with little pavement, conflict between pedestrians and drivers
Congestion peaks during morning and evening rush hour
Grid-locked traffic causes air pollution. Pollutants trapped in deep, narrow streets poor air
quality, danger to human health
Wider global pollution from…

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Local shops and stalls sell limited range of poor quality food.
Lots of crime and theft
Children abandoned after break up of family.

Ways to improve squatter settlement
Self-help Schemes (ASH) Government and local people working together. Government
provides building supplies and people use them to improve their
own home…

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Examples of sustainable urban living

Bed ZED (Beddington Zero Energy Development)

Location: Wallington, South London, just outside Sutton. People moved into the first of the 100
homes in 2002.

Main Characteristics

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Ways to make urban living in the UK more sustainable

Conserve the historic environment
Repair and renovate historical buildings and structure
Once they are lost they are gone forever
Enhance their uses and appeal as visitor attractions
Provide more open spaces and greenery
Make provisions for these in the plans…


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