Tourism Revision Guide Q6

This is a revision guide based on OUP Press textbook and case studies

Case Studies:

Antarctica, The Lake District and the Yachana Tribe Ecuador. 

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GCSE Geography| Question 6 | Tourism | Paper 2
What are the Key Ideas for this Topic?
Why there has been an increase in tourism
Tourism in a UK National Park (Lake District)
Mass Tourism (Jamaica- Tropical Destination)
Tourism in Extreme Environments (Antarctica)
Eco- Tourism (Amazon)
Growth in Tourism
Tourism- a stay away from home for over 24 hours for a recreational activity
Reasons for increase in Tourism:
Better/Quicker Air Travel- Making Previously Remote areas accessible.
More Paid Holidays- People tend to take many small holidays rather than one big one.
Increase in amount of Disposable income- People can afford to treat themselves.
Awareness of attractions- People are becoming more aware of travel from travel shows and advertising.
Main Types Of Tourism:
Cultural Tourism- Sightseeing, Exploring different Ethnic groups.
Business Tourism- as air travel develops more people travel to offices and factories around the world.
Geographical Tourism- Visiting great Geographical Spots e.g. Yellow Stone National Park, USA
Visiting Family and Friends
TOURISM PROVIDES A LARGE MAJORITY OF LEDC'S INCOME e.g. EYGPT- 10% OF ITS INCOME IS DEPENDANT ON TOURISM.
TOURISM HELPS COUNTRIES TO DEVELOP AND BECOME MORE ECONOMICALLY STABLE.
What external factors influence visitors to the UK?
Exchange rates ­ Overseas tourists have to change currency. Exchange rates can increase cost of holidays and put people off
visiting.
Security- Terrorism is a big issue for many people. 7/7 bombings were a wakeup call for many tourists. Attacks are reported
globally and can put people off visiting the UK.
Global economy ­ If people are doing well they will take foreign holidays, however during a recession , high unemployment
reduces visitors.
Tourism in a UK National Park
Case Study: The Lake District, UK - Cumbria
Reasons For Growth
Offers magnificent and unique landscapes- Rivers and Mountains.
Becoming more accessible. M6 and West coast mainline.
Wide Range of ecosystems and Nature Reserves.
Releases the pressures from Urban Living.
People come to enjoy the scenery the lake district offers, such as large lakes (e.g Windermere) and mountains.
Many activities are available to take part in such as sailing, walking, bird-watching, pony-trekking and more.
Cultural activities such as Beatrix Potter- a honey pot.
Importance of Tourism
Tourism employs 20,000 part time and 35,000 seasonal workers.
Tourists spend £600million a year -£80 each.
Tourists keep services- shops, post offices and buses busy.

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Creates a demand for locally produced food and helps local farm and businesses.
Farmers turn fields into campsites to create additional revenue.
Car park charges help the council improve local services.
Problems with Tourism
90% of tourists use cars, creates traffic congestion in towns with old narrow streets.…read more

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Solution:
Educating tourists to avoid negative environmental impacts.
Local guides take tourists to off-the-beaten track attractions to reduce impact.
Water treatment plant at Logwood limits water pollution from hotels.
Established Negril Marine Park Nature reserves too preserve sea life.
Economical:
Economic leakage as money leaves economy through foreign businesses and workers. .…read more

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Treaty of Antarctica- 1961-1948 50 countries agreed to no mining, drilling, pollution, war.
Eco-Tourism
Eco-Tourism- Tourism that doesn't harm the environment and benefits the local community.
Stewardship: Caring for the environment of a place as if it was your own.
An important way of conserving the environment.
Economic benefits of eco-tourism:
It creates jobs for local people e.g. working as a guide which helps the local economy grow.…read more

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Keeping the rainforest intact is key to the future long-term prosperity.…read more

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Describe the attractions of the Lake District. (3 Marks)
3. Describe the management strategies that are used to cope with the impact of tourists in a NamedUK
National Park. (8 Marks)
4. Explain why Tourism is constantly increasing. (4 Marks)
5. What is meant by the term "Mass tourism"? (1 Mark)
6. Describe the impacts of mass tourism on a named tropical area and how they are being reduced (8
Marks)
7.…read more

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