Tourism Revision Notes

Full Tourism topic- Hope this helps. GOOD LUCK GUYS

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Tourism Revision
Growth in Tourism
Honeypot site really popular areas
Tourism is growing because:
People have more disposable income (spare cash) so can afford to go on more holidays.
Companies give more paid holidays than they used to meaning they have more free time .
Travel has become cheaper (particularly air travel) so more people can afford holidays.
The internet allows people to book holidays from home they can sell those holidays
without shop rent so it is
cheaper. Also meaning more people can a fford to go away.
Some area are becoming more popular because:
Improvements in transport (eg. more airports) making it
quicker a nd easier to get to
Unusual tourist destinations (such as the Middle East and Africa) have got better at
marketing themselves so more people are aware of them
Many countries have invested in infrastructure for tourism (eg. Better hotels) to make
them more attractive for visitors
Why is tourism important to economies of many countries
1) tourism creates jobs for local people (eg. in restaurants and hotels)
2)It increases the income of business that supply for the tourism industry eg. Farms that
supply food to hotels. This helps the economy grow.
3) Tourism is a huge part of the economy for MEDCs and LEDCs eg. Tourism in F rance
made 35 billion euros in 2006 and created two million jobs.
4) Poorer countries are more dependent on tourism than richer ones eg. Tourism is 3% of
the UK's GDP and 15% of Kenya's GDP.
UK tourism
Tourism makes a BIG CONTRIBUTION to the UK economy
1) There were 32 million overseas visitors to Britain in 2006
2) The UK is popular due to: the countryside
popular landmarks (
eg. Big Ben and
Stonehenge ) famous churches and cathedrals (
eg. St Pauls Cathedral ) and its castles
and palaces (eg. Edinburgh castle and Buckingham palace) .
3) London attracts half the visitors to the UK. This is because of its museums, theatres
and shopping
4) In 2007, tourism contributed £ 114 billion to the UK'S economy and also employed 1 .4
million people.
Factors affecting the numbers of tourists visiting the UK
1) Weather bad weather can discourage tourists eg. A really wet summer in 2007.
2) World Economy in global recession people cut back on holidays. However, more British
people go on holiday in Britain.
3) Exchange rate a low exchange rate means the UK is cheaper to visit so more people

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Terrorism and conflicts wars and terrorist threats mean people are less willing to visit
affected area eg. tourism fell after London bombings in 2005.
5) Major events big events can attract huge number of people. Eg. London Olympics
2012 attracted 698,000 oversea tourists.
Butler Model
1. Exploration : Small numbers
of tourists are attracted by the area
eg. by the scenery or culture. There
are few tourist facilities
2. Involvement : Local people
start providing facilities for the
tourists which attracts more visitors.
3.…read more

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E.g. at Tarn Hows eroded paths has been soiled and reseeded and the
main route has been gravelled to protect it.
3) PROTECTING WILDLIFE AND FARMLANDS signs to remind visotrs to take their litter
home and covered bins are provided at popular sites. There are campaigns to encourage
visitors to enjoy the countryside responsibly e.g. closing gates and keeping dogs on their
leads.…read more

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A lot of the profit can go to big company's (leakage)
Tourism jobs are low paid and seasonal.
Traffic congestion can inconvenience locals
The behaviour of tourists can offend locals
Environmental Impacts
Transporting lots of people releases greenhouse cases that cause global warming.
Tourism can increase litter.
Tourism can lead to destruction of natural habitats eg. sightseeing boats can damage
coral reefs.
Ways to reduce negative impacts of tourism.
1) Improving and encouraging public transport r
congestion and pollution.…read more

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are 23 national parks in Kenya e.g.
Nairobi National Park. Tourists have to pay to get
in. Money can be used on protecting environment and wildlife.
Negative Impacts on Kenya
Only 15% of money earned from tourism goes to locals. The rest goes to big companies.
Some Maasai tribespeople were forced off land to create Nation parks for tourism.
Some Muslim people in Kenya are offended by the way tourists dress
Safari vehicles have destroyed vegetation and caused soil erosion.…read more

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Tree roots hold soil together, so deforestation also leads to soil erosion. If soil washes into
river it can cause flooding.
Volume of tourists causes footpath erosion, which can lead to landslides.
Toilets are poor or nonexistent, so rivers become polluted with sewage.
Tourism in Extreme Environments Case Study
The Antartica is a continent at the Earth's South Pole. It covers 14milliom km2 of land (98%
of that is ice). The number of tourists is rising
( 7413 in 1996/97 and 46,000 in 2007/8).…read more

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Benefits on the Economy.
1) Ecotourism creates jobs (e.g. guides or in tourist lodges).
2) Local people not employed in tourism can make money by selling crafts or food to visitors.
Benefits for local people
1) More stable incomes in tourism than jobs such as farming
2) Many ecotourism schemes fund community people e.g. schools, water tanks and health
Ecotourism helps sustainable development of areas
1) Sustainable development means improving the quality of life but without affecting the
future.…read more

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There are jewellery shops where tourists can buy locally made goods…read more


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