Geography - Tourism revision notes AQA

Sorry, if there is any spelling mistake as I have only done this the night before,  I was rushing :/ This is for Unit 3 in AQA geography, what I found most helpful is that you highlight it the night before your exam or the morning of your exam, anyways good luck all :) And I hope you find this useful x 

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  • Created on: 25-06-12 10:20
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Geography Revision
Tourism for the rich
The growth of the all inclusive package holiday in the 1950s and 1960s
opened up the possibility of cheap foreign holidays for millions of people.
Technological developments brought down the cost of flights so that even
longhaul journeys, such as those to Caribbean countries and the USA,
become increasingly affordable.
Since 1950, there has been a constant growth in tourism, except during
the 1980's recession and after 2001 when the attack on the twins tower
by terrorists (911) and people were put off flying.
Europe has always been the most popular destination and currently gets
about 600 millions visitors a year.
America (USA & Canada & Mexico) are becoming increase popular with
about 200 millions visitors a year.
East Asia and the Pacific is also increasing in popularity as people wants
to visit more exotic location and an Asian tourist market has grown
(Chinese visit Thailand), this is the fastest growing tourist market as
Asian countries are developing (China) and have huge population, which
means more people can afford to go on holiday.
The Middle East & Africa are becoming more popular but this has
happened slowly due to lack of tourist, infrastructure, and political
instability & in accessibility.
Tourism for all
Development of air travel has reduced flight time & made travel
increasingly affordable, especially on shorthaul journeys.
Increasing wealth ­ in many countries people have increasing
amounts of disposable income to spend on holidays.
Increased leisure time ­ employees now get more paid holiday time
than they used to. On average a UK worker gets at least three weeks'
paid leave each year.
Improved transport facilities ­ better roads and increased car
ownership mean that people can drive to nearby countries regional
airport make it quicker and more efficient for people to travel by air.
Advertising ­ holiday programmers on television and in magazines,
brochures and commercials have all increased exposure to, and
knowledge of different countries.
Changing lifestyles ­ early retirements, student lifestyles and gap
years have increased the amount of time available to travel.
Increased motivation ­ the modern world is seen as being very
stressful and holidays are a useful escape from day to day activities,
often being seen as a necessity rather than a luxury.
There is an increasing range of trips on offer, such as activity holidays
and ecoholidays.
The importance of mass tourism
Mass tourism, where large number of people visits a particular area.

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Films and books are one particular reason that there is an encouraging
increasing numbers of people to visit the area.
Cheap shorthaul flights made the resorts of Spain, Italy and Greece much
easier to reach.
Holiday companies began to offer package holiday to the rapidly growing
holiday resorts with their clean, attractive beaches and guaranteed
The new tourist
Increasing numbers of people from more developed countries are able to
take over seas holiday. It often cost no more than holidays at home.…read more

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You can choose different elements of your holiday from
different providers.
Disadvantages (via the Internet) ­ you don't have protection if something
goes wrong, you will have to fight your own case. Flight prices rise as you
approach the departure date.
The impact of technology on the travel industry ­ travellers can book their
own holiday. You can shop around for the best deal. It is cheaper to sell
holidays via a computer than rent a shop.…read more

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Case Study ­ Antarctica
It is increasing for tourism.
About 40,000 visitors go to Antarctic each year.
All tour companies and visitors are expected in a safe and
environmentally friendly way to act.
Tourism is an approved activity within the Antarctica treaty.
Tourists go to see the environment and wildlife, experience the weather,
and visit the scientific research bases and to see historic sites.
There are no flights to Antarctica, all tourist go by a boat.…read more

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Increased awareness of cultural differences.
Narrow the poverty gap. (Poor get richer)
Key Terms
Infrastructure ­ basic network such as transport, power supplies and
Heritage Tourism ­ visiting historical aspects of a country.
European City of culture ­ a city designated by the European Union for
one year.
Development is measured using Gross National Income per person
(GNI).…read more

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This is called a
boycott. Natural disasters and terrorism also affect tourism number.
Increased tourism means ­ increased taxes for governments to spend of
improving social and economic conditions. More money to spend on
More people working in tourism spend more money in their local
communities therefore more money is spent in local business known as
the multiplier effect.…read more

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In some area electricity and water are limited and are supplied to holiday
resorts first. Local people have to cope with an irregular or rationed
Other infrastructure cannot keep up with the demand from increasing
tourist numbers so roads fall into disrepair, congestion increases and
there are problems with waste disposal.
Tourist developments often use former farmland meaning that less food is
produced locally and people have to buy more expensive, imported food.…read more

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National Parks
National Parks are areas of natural beauty, which have been identified
and are now protected. The first national park was found in 1951 and they
are still being identified today.
National Parks are not own by the nations but by the people who live and
work in them.
Most national Parks are open to the public for recreation but in some
large areas are formed or use for other purposes, which restrict access.…read more

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Surface erosion on heavily used footpaths. Some of the most used
footpaths have now been surfaced to combat the problem.
Litter is a constant problem, reduces the appeal of the area and
increases the risk of harm to animals and wildlife.
Problems for farmers and landowners include: trespass, damage to dry
stonewalls, disturbance of stock and vandalism.
Limestone pavements have been seriously degraded in places due to the
trampling by visitors feet.…read more

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Community tourism ­ tourism that has close contact with and mainly
benefits, local communities.
Conflicts ­ the result of contrasting demands between people.
Honeypot ­ a place of attractive scenery or historic interest that attracts
large numbers of visitors.
National Parks ­ areas set aside to protect the landscape so that it can
be enjoyed by visitors now and in the future
Resident population ­ the permanent population living in an area.…read more


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