AQA GCSE Geography A tourism revision notes

A set of revision notes for the forthcoming exam.

Hope they are useful! 

Going to upload similar revision pages for restless earth, rocks resources and scenery, population, changing urban environments and the coastal zone.

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Page 1

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Why has global tourism grown?
Growth in tourism?
Growth in tourism is explained by three main sets of
factors

1. Social and economic factors
o People have a larger disposable income
o People have fewer children
o Most people have a car




o Most families have two
working parents
o…

Page 2

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Essential jobs are created in all countries because of tourism, but the contribution this industry makes
to the GDP varies greatly between wealthier and poorer countries. Rich countries have a broadly
balanced economy, of which tourism is one part. On the other hand, in less developed countries
tourism is essential.…

Page 3

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1. Exploration small numbers attracted by something particular: beaches, landscapes,
historical/cultural features.
2. Involvement locals see opportunities and starts to provide accommodation, food
transport etc.
3. Development Large companies build new infrastructure.
4. Consolidation Tourism is now a major part of local economy. Lots of visitors are coming
and employment…

Page 4

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Problems Solutions
Litter on beach People employed to clean beach
Dog free zone 1st May ­ 31st
September
Sewage facilities overloaded Updated and improved sewage
treatment
Treated sewage put into sea
3 European blue flags
Conflict between beach users Kidzone
Zoning for swimming
Rules for boats
Dogs on leads


Heavy…

Page 5

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Why do so many
countries want mass tourism?


Advantages and disadvantages of mass tourism
Mass tourism involves large numbers of tourists coming to one destination. There is usually a
particular purpose and a particular type of location, such as skiing in s mountain resort or
sunbathing at a beach location.…

Page 6

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Case study: Masai Mara in Kenya
Attractions
Natural attractions Human attractions
Indian ocean coastline Wildlife parks on plateau
Stunning scenery Luxury accommodation(prosperous
Mount Kenya country)
Big 5 (elephant, lion, buffalo, rhino and Mombasa
leopard) Scuba diving and glass bottomed boat
On equator (hot) Peaceful (no recent civil wars)
Safari trips…

Page 7

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Farmers move closer to edge of
parks ­ elephants trample their
crops, lions eat their cattle
Environments wrecked from
new infrastructure
Water used ­ locals can't afford
it

Economic Economic improvement and Civil arrest ­ massacre on
trade deficit innocent tourists
Tribes benefit from tourism Car bomb in Mombasa made…

Page 8

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What attracts people
to extreme environments?
Extreme environments
An extreme environment involves a dangerous landscape often with a difficult climate and places
that are sparsely settled and access to which is limited.

Reasons for visiting
Some people mike like to extend hobbies by visiting these environments as it gives them…

Page 9

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The impact of tourism on Antarctica




Strategies for coping with tourism in Antarctica

How can tourism become more sustainable?

Page 10

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The aims of ecotourism




Environmentally sound
Good for local people
Sustainable




Case study: Campi ya Kanzi Eco-Lodge
Environmentally sound
It has 50 types of mammals and 400 bird species as well as the
big five. The activities do not damage the environment e.g.
guided walking which is good because the…

Comments

Hannah

thank you

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