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Page 1

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The Growth of Tourism



Types of tourist destinations
Example Comment




Tourist enclave Cancun, Mexico Separate from local community. Largely self-contained

Resort Bournemouth, UK Integrated seaside resort that is diversifying away from beach
holidays

Holiday village Center Parcs, Elveden, UK Purpose-built village with range facilities and entertainment.
Designed for families

City…

Page 2

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Reasons for growth
Economic Social Political

- Increased leisure time and - Increased psychological need to - LEDCs see it as a means to
longer paid holidays `escape' develop ­ income earner

- Cheaper and faster types of - Increased desire to experience - Government investment in
transport different culture…

Page 3

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What are the social, economic and environmental issues associated with the growth of
tourism?
Tourism brings both opportunities and problems for people and the environment.

Benefits of tourism
Environmental Economic Social

- Encourages conservation e.g. - Creation of employment - Improved education to meet
National parks needs of tourists
-…

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Butler Model




How can tourism be managed to ensure




sustainability?


Ecotourism

Page 5

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Can tourism ever be fully sustainable?

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