OCR Tourism Case Studies

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  • Created by: gapark
  • Created on: 06-01-15 19:22

Blackpool - The Butler Model

 

  • 19th Century - Exploration by rich people went to Blackpool’s 7 Mile beach

  • 1846 - Railway Constructed

  • 1868 - Involvement as pier opened

  • 1905 - Development as Pleasure Beach

  • 1939 - Consolidation as Europe’s leading coastal resort

  • 1960 - Stagnation due to Mediterranean holidays becoming readily available

  • 1980s - Decline due to cheaper air flights and emerging foreign destinations

  • 2000- Rejuvination with a £300million project
  • Exploration - 10,000

  • Involvement - 2,000,000

  • Development - 8,000,000

  • Consolidation - 17,000,000

  • Stagnation - 16,000,000

  • Decline - 8,000,000

  • Rejuvination - 13,000,000
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France - MEDC

 

  • 1822 first seaside resorts

  • Increase in popularity in 1850s dues to railway networks

  • First holiday Village in 1950

  • 2012 saw 83 million visitors

  • Decrease in domestic tourism from 70% of 30%
  • Tourism accounts for 7% of France’s GDP

  • €13 billion in 2012

  • 2012 saw 83 million visitors

  • 19,000 hotels

  • 5.5 million annual visitors to the Eiffel Tower and 12 million to the Louvre
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Vietnam - NIC

 

  • Recently emerged destination

  • Largely international tourism

  • Many Asian tourists from China, Japan and Taiwan

  • Tourism has helped Vietnam industrialise further

  • Large amounts of foreign investment
  • $3 Billion in revenue - 4.2% of GDP

  • 7.5 Million arrivals in 2013
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Swaziland - LEDC

 

  • Recently emerged as a destination

  • Rich tribal culture

  • Growth began in 1995

  • Strict border control has limited inbound tourism.

  • GDP grown from $1900 per capita in 1995 to $3200 per capita in 2012

  • 304,000 ITA in 2013
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Jamaica - Positive Impacts

 

  • Improved Infrastructure

  • Allowed Conservation of Blue Mountains

  • Culture preserved in some areas

  • Improved Health Care

  • Rise in GDP per capita

  • Rise in Education levels

  • Rise in HDI
  • 2,000,000 ITA in 2012

  • $2095 million ITR

  • 14.5% of GDP

  • 220,000 Jobs
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Myanmar - Negative Impacts

 

  • Population Displacement

  • Mangrove Forests destroyed for new hotels

  • Illegal Logging for resources to build

  • Destruction of habitats

  • Sea Gypsies forced to perform for tourists

  • Dilution of culture

  • Large economic leakages
  • 2,000,000 ITA in 2013

  • $926 million ITR in 2013

  • 19% decline in inland forests.

  • ⅔ decline of unique coastal mangroves.
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Snowdonia - EcoTourism

Bryn Elltyd Guest House

 

  • Green Dragon environmental standard level 2

  • Local Resources used

  • All waste is recycled

  • Carbon Neutral

  • Solar Panels

  • Recycled rainwater
  • Only one wheelie bin goes to landfill for 16 people per week.
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Galapagos Islands, Ecuador - EcoTourism

 

  • Government only advertises as an ecotourist destination

  • Tourism encouraged conservation of natural rainforests and the Galapagos islands

  • Control plan for alien species

  • Population control

  • Depuration of fishing industry

  • Redesign of the budget
  • 1.8 million visitors in 2011

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