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The Energy Issue
What are the sources of energy and how do these vary in their
global pattern?
The global energy mix is made up of both finite (fossil fuels and nuclear power) and renewable
sources (e.g. HEP and wind) in which they vary, depending on their availability over time…

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What is the relationship between energy use and economic
development?
As economies develop, there is an increased demand for energy. There is a positive correlation
between economic development and energy use, as one increases, so does the other.

If economic development increases (e.g. China), then there will be:
More disposable…

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- Increasing energy efficiency - Improving energy efficiency,
e.g. stoves

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What are the social, economic and environmental issues associated
with the increasing demand for energy?
The exploitation of energy resources brings both, opportunities and problems for people and the
environment

Why is the energy demand increasing?
Increased standards of living, e.g. electrical appliances and cars
Increased population
Changing lifestyles, e.g.…

Page 5

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CASE STUDY
Norway (benefits) and Nigeria (problems)


Norway (opportunities) Nigeria (negative impacts)
Background - Population: 4.5 million - Population: 130 million
- Eigth largest oil producer - Sixth largest oil exporter
- Third largest oil exporter
Reserves - All oil and gas offshore - In delta and offshore, 159 small…

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How can energy supply be managed to ensure sustainability?
Managing energy supply is about balancing socio-economic and environmental needs. This requires
detailed planning and management.

TERM
- Sustainability: meeting our needs while not compromising the capacity of future
generations to meet their needs

Management challenges
How to balance the economic…

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CASE STUDY
Germany and Iceland

Germany
Fifth largest consumer of energy in the world ­ Oil (36%), gas (23%), coal (12.9%)
Only has coal reserves
In 2006 renewables accounted for 4.6% of Germanys energy supply, with 10.2% of its
total energy consumption
5% of energy comes from hydroelectricity in the…

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The Growth of Tourism
In what ways has the global pattern of tourism changed?
Tourism has developed into a global industry in the last fifty years and now features in every
continent. The growth of tourism and its changing patterns are influenced by a variety of factors and
these vary…

Page 9

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What is the relationship between the growth of tourism and
economic development?
As economies develop there is an increased demand for tourism.

If economic development increases then there will be:
More disposable income
More leisure time
Improved transport
Few political controls on travel
More access to media

If tourism increases…

Page 10

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What are the social, economic and environmental issues associated
with the growth of tourism?
Tourism brings both opportunities and problems for people and the environment.

Benefits of tourism
Environmental Economic Social
- Encourages conservation - Creation of employment - Improved education to
e.g. National parks - Increased investment in meet…

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