Tourism GCSE Powerpoint AQA

Good luck in you exams and REMEMBER to check for updates- I'll write it in this box, below this text......

UPDATED 13:08 on 21/06/12 - Blackpool, Benidorm, Costa Rica, tourism and the environment ALL ADDED, and also slightly edited

UPDATED 11:57 on 22/06/12 - Travel Agents and Sustainable Virgin Holidays, as well as more key terms!

UPDATED 14:00 on 24/06/12 - I realised I had missed out ZONING in the GBR

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Tourism
· Tourism is the World's fastest growing
industry, worth over $450 million per
year.
· It has grown steadily since the 1950s,
with transport by air and the motor car
making travelling become more
affordable. The demand was also
stimulated by films and television.
· Definition of tourism:
­ It is the short-term movement of people
to places away from where they live and
work, normally for pleasure, but also for
business.
· Definition of a tourist:
­ People who travel and stay in other places
for their own enjoyment (or of course,
work).…read more

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How did tourism start?
· The term `tourist' was first used around 200 years ago, when only the rich has the money, and
the free time to take holidays away from their home. They became known as tourists as the
toured the cities of western Europe, visiting Cathedrals, Art galleries and other famous
buildings. The stayed in the very best hotels. Of course, they brought their own servants with
them!
· The development of railways from 1840 onwards meant that the better-off middle-class
people could also travel. The majority of these new tourists went to spa towns, such as Bath
and Harrogate, to drink the mineral water that they believed was good for their health.
· Visiting the seaside became even more popular, and bathing machines became a common site
on the beaches of Blackpool, Brighton, and many other rapidly growing coastal holiday resorts.
·The railway fares became so cheap in time that
even the poor working class was able to make
brief visits to the seaside. This made a difference
from their polluted, industrial towns.
·At first, they were only able to do this for
singles days, at weekends, and on Back
holidays (which began in 1871).
·They stayed in boarding houses,
which were much cheaper than
hotels.
·Mass tourism only really started to take place
with the introduction of paid-annual week-long
holidays in the early 20th century.…read more

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Why is tourism important for
economies?
· Jobs for the local people are created by
tourism, such as in hotels and
restaurants, helping the economy to
grow.
· It increases the income of other
businesses that supply the tourist
industry, such as the farms that supply
food to the hotels. Again, this helps the
economy grow.
­ Because of this, tourism is important for
the economy of countries in both rich
and poor parts of the world.
­ Poorer countries are usually more
dependant on the income from tourism
than the richer ones e.g. Tourism counts
for 3% of the UK's GNP, while it
contributes 15% to Kenya's.…read more

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Reasons for the growth of
tourism
GEOGRAPHY GCSE AQA…read more

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Increased mobility
· The motor car was important because it
allowed, more people to travel to a wider
range of destinations, whereas before, people
were restricted to where they could go due to
transport.
· The Eurotunnel opened in 1994, allowing
masses of families to travel relatively quickly
to France, and continue driving in their own
car when they reached the other side.
· Easy jet took to the skies in 1995 meaning that
more people could travel to places abroad
cheaply.
· In 2007, Airbus launched the A380 double-
decker plane, allowing more people to travel
to places abroad in the same plane. More
people are therefore able to leave from the
same airport with the same number of flights
per day.…read more

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