Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
TOURISM
WHY HAS GLOBAL TOURISM GROWN
GROWTH IN TOURISM
Tourism is the world's largest industry, worth $500 billion dollars in 2007. Leisure
accounts for 75% of all international travel. The World Tourism Organisation (WTO)
measured a rise in international tourism arrivals (i.e. people arriving in all countries
from abroad for…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
People have fewer children; it is less expensive to take a small family away than a
larger one. Car ownership has also grown rapidly.

People have more leisure time. Holiday leave time has increased from two weeks per
year in the 1950s to between four and six weeks today. Life…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Country Tourist Receipts ($
millions)
USA 66,547
Spain 33,609
France 32,329
Italy 26,915
China 20,385
Germany 19,158
UK 17,591
Austria 11,237
Hong 10,117
Kong
Greece 9,741
The tables show that:

o France has had more tourists than any other country for some number of years.
In 2007 it earned the…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
o Tourists spend their holiday money in pounds Stirling, US dollars or Euros.
This foreign exchange is vital to poorer countries. It can be used to buy goods
and services from abroad.
o Many governments tax visitors to help pay for the extra services they use such
as water supply,…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
THE CONTRIBUTION OF TOURISM TO THE UK ECONOMY
The UK economy earns over £80 billion every year from tourism and leisure. This
amount usually grows slightly annually. Around 27.7 million overseas visitors spend
over £13 billion of this sum. Restaurants and hotels make up a large proportion of
these earnings,…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Rejuvenation: attempts are made to modernise the resort and attract different people
to enjoy new activities.

Blackpool is a good example of a resort reinventing itself. Day trippers and
weekenders now bring in most of the income, although websites and brochures make
a huge effort to attract people for longer…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
EXCHANGE RATES AND THE BANKING CRISIS
Currency exchange rates control value for money for tourists on holiday. In 2008, the
euro was high against the pound, valued at around 79p, so holidaying in France and
other euro zone countries became more expensive. At the same time, the US dollar
was…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
countries at lesser stages of development.
Profits therefore go out of the tourist country-
they don't benefit the host country
New building developments need land. Local
farmers may be tempted to sell their land to
developers or development around them makes
farming their land almost impossible. Local food
production decreases…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
WHAT ATTRACTS PEOPLE TO EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS AND ACTIVITIES:
What? Who? Where? Why?
Only recently developed. Single/ no Deserts Empty
It's a modern form of children
tourism
Difficult Wealthy- Fragile Different
high income Environments experiences/culture
Dangerous Young Mountains Survival/Navigation
Niche Market. Not many Small Groups Volcanoes Risk
people
Different…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
HOW CAN TOURISM BE MORE SUSTAINABLE
CONSERVATION AND STEWARDSHIP
Stewardship is used to mean careful management of the environment on a large scale:
regionally, nationally and globally. All types of development and resource
exploitation are planned sustainably. Development priorities are set and strategies
created to achieve these. It is the…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »