AQA GCSE Geography Tourism Notes

A* Revision Notes on:

  • Why there has been an increase in tourism
  •   Tourism in a UK National Park (Lake District)
  • Mass Tourism (Costa de sol)
  • Tourism in Extreme Environments (Antarctica)
  • Eco- Tourism
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GCSE Geography| Topic 4|
Tourism
What are the Key Ideas for this Topic?

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Growth in Tourism
Tourism- a stay away from home for over 24 hours for
a recreational activity
Reasons for increase in Tourism:
Better/Quicker Air Travel- Making Previously Remote areas
accessible.
More Paid Holidays- People tend to take many small
holidays rather than one big one.
Increase in amount of Disposable income- People can afford
to treat them.
Awareness of attractions- People are becoming more aware
of travel from travel shows and advertising.…read more

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Main Types Of Tourism:
Cultural Tourism- Sightseeing, Exploring different Ethnic
groups.
Business Tourism- as air travel develops more people travel
to offices and factories around the world.
Geographical Tourism- Visiting great Geographical Spots
e.g. Yellow Stone National Park, USA
Visiting Family and Friends
TOURISM PROVIDES A LARGE MAJORITY OF LEDC'S
INCOME e.g. EYGPT- 10% OF ITS INCOME IS DEPENDANT
ON TOURISM. TOURISM HELPS COUNTRIES TO DEVELOP
AND BECOME MORE ECONOMICALLY STABLE.…read more

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Locals can afford to have a better lifestyle (More
Services)
Negative Impacts and Solutions:
Environmental:
The Area is littered and natural beauty begins
to fade.
Damages Habitats and causes Wildlife to flee
Solution: Nature Reserves are built and Locals
attempt to pick up rubbish on beaches
Economical:
Great demand of water for hotels and golf
courses causes Inflation.
Jobs are Seasonal and dependant on the
weather
Solution: More people quit jobs at tourist spots and
worked the land or supplied the area with fish.…read more

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Only ships of 500 people or less can land in
Antarctica and only 100 people are allowed on
land at one time.
Smoking is banned on Antarctica
Wildlife is to be observed not to be approached
On tours, people are told not to wonder off and
disturb scientific studies.
Visitors are advised to wear Suitable Antarctic
footwear to preserve the Ice.
Eco-Tourism
Eco-Tourism- Tourism that doesn't harm the
environment and benefits the local community.
Economic benefits of eco-tourism:
It creates jobs for local people e.g.…read more

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Summary Questions
1. Define Tourism. (1 Mark)
2. Describe the attractions of the Lake District. (3 Marks)
3. Describe the management strategies that are used to cope with the impact of tourists in a Named UK
National Park. (8 Marks)
4. Explain why Tourism is constantly increasing. (4 Marks)
5. What is meant by the term "Mass tourism"? (1 Mark)
6. Describe the impacts of mass tourism on a named tropical area and how they are being reduced (8
Marks)
7.…read more

Comments

Bethany

A very useful collection of notes, thank you!

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