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Name Dates Party Civil rights

Harry S. Truman 1945 53 Democrat Before he was elected he openly
opposed lynching and declared that all
men are equal whatever race they are.
He won 2 thirds of the black vote in
1948 presidential election. But he
alienated the southern white
democratic vote.…

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But he did put through the civil
rights act of 1957 and 1960, both acts
were watered down because he wanted to
win the black vote but not to alienate
the southern white vote.
He proposed a whole department to deal
with all things civil rights, but this
received a…

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sway him e.g. he didn't want to put a
end to segregation in Birmingham, but
when Martin Luther King's campaign
brought outrage at the way African
Americans were treated in the city he
changed it.
The march on Washington persuaded him
to make the bill a priority.

Lyndon B. Johnson…

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The 1968 civil rights act outlawed
racial discrimination in the housing
market.

Richard M. Nixon 1969 74 Republican He had a low opinion of black people
and their potential.
He opposed the desegregation of
schools. But at the beginning of his
presidency 68% of African American
children were attending segregated…

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contracts and a fair proportion of
funds were deposited in minority owned
banks.
Increased the powers of the justice
department over voting rights and he
also strengthened the equal
opportunities commission against job
discrimination.
He appointed 2 leading black women to
his cabinet Juanita Kreps and Patricia
Harris, he also…

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such criticisms as attacks on his
personal integrity.
He supported south Africa in spite of
apartheid.

George Bush 1989 93 Republican In 1964, Bush campaigned against the
Civil Rights Act.

Bill Clinton 1993 2001 Democrat



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