Content Knowledge Notes - The Impact of War on British Society and Politics since 1900

An overview of British wars since 1900 I made for myself but thought someone else might find useful. Enjoy!

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  • Created on: 20-05-10 10:26
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Content Knowledge ­ The Impact of War on
British Society and Politics since 1900
1. When did it start and when did it end? 18991902
2. Why did it start? Argument over territory in South Africa between the
Boers (Dutch) and the British
3. Who was involved? Dutch settlers and the British
4. What were the main events?
Jameston Raid was an ineffective attempt to overthrow President
Paul Kruger of the Transvaal Republic in December 1895.
Siege of Mafeking was a siege by the Boers which lasted for 217
days. It was carried out by approx. 8000 Boer soldiers against a
force of roughly 1200 British (mainly irregulars).
5. How did it come to an end? The Treaty of Vereeniging was signed in May
1902. The Boer republics agreed to come under the sovereignty of the
British Crown and the British government agreed on various details
including the following:
1. To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State
selfgovernment (granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).
2. To avoid discussing the native (Black) enfranchisement
issue until selfgovernment had been given (not completely
achieved until 1994).
3. To pay the Afrikaners £3,000,000 in reconstruction aid.
4. To imprison only Cape Afrikaner rebel leaders for their role
in the war.
5. To allow the use of Dutch (later Afrikaans) in the schools
and law courts.
6. Who objected? The term "concentration camp" was used to describe
camps operated by the British in South Africa. Supposed to
be used as a form of humanitarian aid to the families whose
farms had been destroyed in the fighting, the camps were
used to confine and control large numbers of civilians.
Emily Hobhouse delivered aid to the concentration camps
during the Boer War. She wrote:
It was late in the summer of 1900 that I first learnt of the
hundreds of Boer women that became impoverished and were left ragged

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7. What happened in the 1906 General Election?
The Liberal Party (under Henry
CampbellBannerman won the election with a
large majority. The introduction of the workers
vote meant the rise of the Labour Party. The
Liberal Party therefore introduced a number of
working class friendly policies to avoid losing
votes to Labour.
8.…read more

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½d a
9. How did War influence each of the reforms? The Boer War drew attention
to the state of the soldiers signing up to fight, with almost 2/3 being unfit to
fight. A further investigation into the state of the nation's health caused
demand for action to be taken.
10. When did it start and when did it end? 1914 1918
11.…read more

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Medical services
Support services
Some refused every kind of alternative service and
went to prison. Ten died and 31 went mad as a
result of their experiences
15. What were the main events?
The Schlieffen Plan was created by General Count Alfred von
Schlieffen in December 1905. The Schlieffen Plan was the
operational plan for a designated attack on France once Russia, in
response to international tension, had started to mobilise her
forces near the German border.
1st Ypres was a significant British victory.…read more

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How did it affect politics?
A coalition government was the measure taken to
ensure the government was working together in the
best way possible. There were no elections during the
1924 saw the first Labour government. This may have
been a result of increased social mobility due to the
war and the call for more acceptance of working
19. How did WW1 affect women?
The Women's Land Army was created due to a
severe shortage of labour during WW1.…read more

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Suffrage Movement 1918/1928 suffrage legislation
(voting law) ­ in 1918, women were given the vote for
the first time. However, this was only for women over the
age of 30. It wasn't until 1928 when women received
equal voting rights to men.
`Homes for Heroes' was a scheme set up by the
government for the soldiers returning from fighting in
WW1. It meant social housing was built and was a part
of the early welfare state.
21.…read more

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Again, women were needed to fill the places of the men fighting
in the war. After WW2 even more rights for women were
introduced and women became more equal in
29. How did the War Impact on Government Powers?
More protective measures were introduced in WW2,
such as the blackout regulations. The government
had become used to influencing people's lives and
people had also become used to this.
Conscription meant the government were taking
away the right to life from its citizens.…read more

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Soviet missiles were only powerful enough to be
launched against Europe but U.S. missiles were capable of
striking the entire Soviet Union. In late April 1962, Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev conceived the idea of placing
intermediaterange missiles in Cuba. A deployment in Cuba
would double the Soviet strategic arsenal and provide a real
deterrent to a potential U.S. attack against the Soviet Union.
37. How did it come to an end? The Cold War ended in 1991
when the Soviet Union broke down.
38.…read more

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Regiment following disturbances during a banned civil rights
march in Londonderry.
1984 Five people are killed and 30 injured when an IRA bomb
explodes at the Grand Hotel in Brighton during the Conservative
Party conference. The Conservative Prime Minister, Margaret
Thatcher, narrowly escapes death and the party Chairman,
Norman Tebbit, is seriously injured.
1996 bomb at South Quay near Canary Wharf in London's
Docklands which kills two, injures 100 and causes millions of
pounds' worth of damage.
44.…read more

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October 1990 Western troops enter the Gulf ­ over 200,000
(580,000 by Jan 1991)
February 1991 End to the war
56. How did it come to an end? Iraq accepted the UN's resolutions in 1991.
57. When did it start and when did it end? 2001
58. Why did it start? The increasing terrorist threat
originating from groups locates in Middle Eastern
states was made clear after the events of
September 11th 2001.
59.…read more



A good mix of short answer questions and analytical ideas. This resource covers the Impact of War on Britain for the entire 20th century.  Highly recommended.

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