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Year Actions of key groups De Jure changes Peaceful protest Black Power Developments for other Other events and
and individuals (highlight in a separate minority groups eg developments (including
colour the de facto Hispanics and Native social and cultural)
results) American Indians
WWII Benjamin O Davis was 1940 Roosevelt "Double V" two-front 1944 National Congress
Roos. promoted to brigadier required the army to war against racism in of American Indians
general highest implement a "balanced Europe and in America. established.
ranking black officer in force" principle.
the nation's history. 1941 Roosevelt issued
Lots of black the Fair Employment
servicemen joined the Practices Commission.
NAACP because they 1944 Smith v. Allwright
were being treated
1945 More black people could Unemployment decreased
vote in Southern States. because of the Second World
Increased from 2% to War.
Truman 15%. America get involved in
1946 Established the Morgan v. Virginia
on Civil Rights.
1947 CORE's Journey of
1950 Sweatt v. Painter COINTELPRO began FBI.
1953 Chief Judge Frederick Congressional resolution
Moore Vinson died and 108 Beginning of the
was replaced by Earl legal policy of
Eisen. Warren who was much termination.
more sympathetic to
civil rights issues.
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White Citizen's Council Brown v. Board of "Separate but equal" was
formed. Education of Topeka brought to an end. Because of
the Brown case.
1955 Emmett Till, 14, lynched Brown v. Board of Montgomery Bus
Education II Boycott. Grass-roots.
Very little de facto
change in education.
1956 NAACP banned from Southern Manifesto
Browder v. Gayle.
1957 In the South 3% of black
people were educated in
Civil Rights Act Passed.…read more
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Civil Rights Act passed. Mississippi Freedom Malcolm X's "The Ballot
Summer voter Or The Bullet" speech.
1965 Feb-Malcolm X Voting Rights Act passed. Selma Campaign. SNCC establishes the Beginning of "La Huelga" Moynihan report published.
assassinated. "Freedom city" in Delano grape strike. Watts riots in Los Angeles.
SNCC starts the "Free
1966 Shooting of James Chicago Freedom Black Panther Party Pilgrimage of protest.
Meredith. Movement. founded by Huey P.…read more