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THE BOER WAR 1899-1902: HOW AND WHY WAS IT FOUGHT

HOW AND WHY WAS THE 2ND BOER WAR FOUGHT?

Attitudes of the British public and politicians to the British Empire in
general and South Africa in particular
The war followed the rejection by the British government of a Boer
ultimatum.…

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Discipline: was severe, flogging was abandoned in 1881 and continued
in military prison until 1907.
Clothing: 1899: wore khaki (instead of red). This made him more
difficult to see.
Equipment: most had the Lee Enfield magazine rifle: which had an
excellent range.
Also the `Royal Army Medical Corps'.
Officer Corps:…

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Gradually, Boers were worn down and negotiations began in 1902.
Peace was agreed at Vereeniging:
o Transvaal and Orange Free state became part of the Empire
o Amnesty for Boers and a grant of £3,000,000 from government to
help repair damage
o Prospect of self-government was held out
Conclusion: lost…

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Suffering resulted from: overcrowding, supply problems etc. 34 camps.
Typhoid and other diseases broke out and many died, particularly
children.
Emily Hobhouse & Mrs. Millicent Fawcett
EH: on her return from the camps, a report circulated among MPs and
was made public: outrage. Liberal leader: Bannerman gave a speech:
barbaric.…

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o N.B. Richard Haldane: liberal MP who reformed the British army
to a point that he was named one of the greatest military
reformers.
o British Expeditionary force (BEF): much stronger, efficient and
had more men.
Why make the changes? The Boer war had contributed to a growing
sense of…

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Press like to divide humanity into heroes and villains, rather than the
muddy mix of the two, which tends to be reality.
Recently: shift from military debate/moral debate (concentration
camps): more to the impact on the majority black population and how
they had to pay the price of trying to…

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