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Conservatives in the age of Peel 1834-1850

The Nature & Ideas of the Conservatives in 1841
in the 18th century, there was a tiny electorate. Politics had been dominated by the wealthy landowning families, the `Whigs' &
`Tories'. Tories were keen to defend the status quo; Whigs were more likely…

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1845 ­ Maynooth Grant controversy. Potato harvest fails in Ireland.
1846 ­ Corn Laws repealed. Peel resigns after defeat in coercion bill. Lord Russell (Whig) takes over.
1850 ­ Peel dies aged 62, following injuries sustained from falling from his horse. Many W/C men send pennies to pay for
commemorative…

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(i) Movement towards free trade
The `Liberal' Tory government of the 1820's: Huskinsson had removed significant amount of tariffs to promote free trade. H!
There were still 1200 commodities subjected to tariffs. The Manchester School of Northern Industrialists, led by Cobden &
Bright, argued that high tariffs imports of raw…

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safeguarding the interests of
the passenger.


The Maynooth Controversy 1845
1795 = Irish Parliament ­ Maynooth college for Catholic priests to keep hopeful trainees away from the revolutionary
influence of the French. After Union with England ­ grant £9,250 a year awarded annually into the 1840's. H! The grant had…

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Case FOR Peel `the founder of Modern Conservatism' Alternative Views of Peel
Peel's staunch leadership rescued the Tories from a Peel was excessively cautious about public disorder
deleterious position after the Reform Act 1832. The stemming from reform. He defended Peterloo and
Tories were reduced to 150 MP's in Parliament…

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expression in the `sound economies' of Gladstone's
Liberals. Even former opponent Disraeli eventually
accommodated to the free market. Peel is a
conservative leader who remains unloved and
ignored by his party, yet his influence on the politics
of the mid-Victorian period is tremendous.
Peel is not the only part leader…

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Julia Cushion

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Brilliant, thank you so much!

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