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Development of the cold war
Through a few telegrams and speeches the cold war began to develop and tension
between communist and capitalist countries continued to grow.
Churchill's Iron curtain speech in 1946 showed that he was
concerned that a metaphorical division had descended over
Europe, dividing East and west, communist and capitalist.
Stalin responded to his speech by comparing Churchill to Hitler.
The long telegram was sent by an American spy in Russia to
President Truman in 1946.…read more

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It also showed the allies actions as very peaceful compared to the violent, military actions
that the USSR had taken.
Eventually West Germany was officially created as a separate state and one month
later, so was East Germany.
NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) was an alliance that was created
between the USA, Britain and France. They agreed that if one of them was invaded then
the others would come to their aid.
Stalin responded to this by creating the Warsaw Pact.…read more

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The Hungarian uprising…read more

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The Three Crises (Berlin, Cuba, Prague) 1957 ­ 69
The Berlin Crisis
By 1960, Berlin was divided into two halves : East and West Berlin. East Germans could
see that in West Berlin people had a higher standard of living under capitalism.
The people in East Berlin began to move to West Berlin and from there on to West
Germany. This movement of people was nicknamed the `brain drain' because all of the
smartest people were moving to earn more money.…read more

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The Conferences
Four conferences took place between the USA and the USSR to try and find a solution to
the problem in Berlin.…read more

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None of these conferences were successful and none of them came up with a solution to
the problem in Berlin ­ in fact they made it worse.
In 1961, Khrushchev ordered for a wall to be built through Berlin, separating East and
West Germany from each other.…read more





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