The Trial and execution of Charles

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The Trial and execution of Charles
Motivation of those who supported the trial
Not all of supporters were religious radicals but many were, so they therefore had
strong religious views but they were not distinct political parties of factions. Fluid
situations, people flexible, the people who signed Charles' death warrant had strong
religious views two people who signed were Cromwell and Ireton. They believed that
God had cast his judgement on Charles in the 1st civil war and by agreeing on the
engagement with the scots and restarting the 2nd civil war; Charles had defied God's
judgement and had therefor lost all divine right to rule.
Cromwell wasn't hell bent on putting Charles to death until a very late stage. In
December Cromwell was late in returning to London so he didn't get to London by the
time Parliament voted on Newport negotiations ­ This indicates his lack of certainty of
what to do with Charles. By the end of December, Cromwell was still advising caution,
wasn't clear that he was in favour of putting Charles on trial Cromwell tried to
persuade Charles to make concessions, so this indicates he wanted a settlement directly
(instead of through parliament) Charles, stubborn basterd , refused to make
concessions so Cromwell concluded a public trial was the only remaining option.
When trial went ahead, the point of view from Cromwell and others were they thought
it was the only option available to them. Many who signed Charles Death warrant didn't
want to abolish the monarch, but this seemed to be the only solution as they didn't want
any of Charles children in charge. Charles II, James II and Henry Stuart were all
unsuitable candidates.
The Rump put Charles on trial. On the 1st of January 1649 the rump established a high
court to try the King. The House of Commons decided they were allowed to make laws
without the house of Lourdes permission. The trial started on the 20th of January and
when Charles stood, he refused to accept the legitimacy of the court so he refused to
enter a plea (bad move), 135 commissioners were appointed to sit as judges in the trial,
but only 59 signed Charles death warrant ­ this shows the king still had respect.
Fairfax refused to sign ­ many didn't sign because they didn't want to be held
responsible for the events that would come in case they were bad.
Verdict of guilty was a formality on the 30th of January king head chopped. He died with
dignity. Rubens divine kings painting on celling (ironic). Poor Charles.


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