How much money was the Army owed in 1646?
£3 mill in arrears.
- They also became politicised because they wanted indemnity.
- Focused more on 'bread and butter isues'.
Gentles quote about how the New Model Army became
'Parliament's systematic hostility transmuted the Army's already sharp political consciousness into revolutionary militancy.'
Coward quote about how the Engagement (26th Dec 16
It was a 'fear of being restrained by a foreign hierachical reiligion, coupled with evidence of Charles' willingness to form a foreign alliance led against Parliament that triggered the Second Civil War.'
When did the belief in Regicide develop?
In 1646-8 all parties assumed the new constitution would see the King restored to power, albeit with diminished power.
What did Charles say to Rupert in 1645 that explai
'God will not suffer his rebels to prosper or his cause to be overthrown.'
An outcome of the Windsor Prayer Meeting in April
MG Harrison declared that the only way to 'cleanse' the country was to kill Charles I.
Coward quote about why the army decided on Regicid
'What transformed religious radicalism into a desire to end [Charles'] life was religious passion.'
- It was Crom's belief in providence that drove him to become a 'reluctant Regicide' (Morril)
Coward quote about Charles' execution
The execution of Charles I was 'not the climax of long-term developments'.
Hardliners after the First Civil War
These men included Vane, St John and Crom
Many from the 'win the war party'.
They blieved that disbanding the Army would allow the King to negotiate the terms of the settlement.
Moderates after the First Civil War
Men such as Holles - dominant in Parl'
They wanted to pay off the Scots quickly, disband the NMA + send selected regiments to sort out the continuing conflict in Ireland.
Revisionists (e.g Coward) support the idea of Parl's conservative nature.
What position was Charles in when he was offered t
In 1646 when Charles was offered the newcastle Propositions he was in his weakest position.
However, if he'd have accepted the NPs it is very likely that he would not have been executed.
What happened On 6th Dec 1648?
Colonel Pride + The Army only allow MPs who were prepared to put the king on trial into Parliament.
Only about 200 MPs remained
Why did Army leadership decide to execute the King
They realised the only way to stop the surge f support for the King was to execute him and decalre England a Republic.
It was practical not ideological reasons that led to the execution of the King.
The Army was also divided
It was not just Parliament who were divided, The Army was too.
The R+F, represented by agitators, were distrustful of the officers (Grandees) who were seen as self-serving + corrupt.
The Nineteen Proposition June 1642
Charles rejected them on 18th June 1642.
He declared that Parl's proposals threatened the ancient constitution of the Kingdom. If the King agreed to them he would effectively be deposing himself and his posterity.
The Remonstrance of the Army, Nov 1648
In response to the Anti-Parl' uprisings of April-June 1648.
Drawn up by Ireton, it demanded judgement of Charles.