Sociology-Research Methods-AQA-Unit 2

Consists of plenty of images for visual learners, in order to make life easier, and is in a simpified version-No need for a sociology book-This is all that is needed for your revision on research methods. It also includes past paper questions and an answer model. I hope this has helped..

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  • Created by: Gul95
  • Created on: 08-02-13 19:46

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Sociological Research Methods: Choosing a research method


The purpose of sociology is to answer
questions about social life and the social
world!
EG: Why do middle-class children generally
achieve better exam results than working class
children?


The following are issues we need to think about when deciding which research methods…

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So how do we select the right one for our research?
Different methods and sources of data have different strengths and limitations and we need to be
able to evaluate these when selecting which on to use.
We can look at these strengths and limitations in terms of practical, ethical…

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ETHICAL ISSUES
Ethi cs refers to mora l i s s ues of ri ght a nd wrong.
The Bri ti s h Soci ol ogi ca l As s oci a ti on (BPS)
s ets out gui del i nes for
the conduct
of res ea rch i…

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THEORETICAL ISSUES

Thi s refers to ques ti ons a bout wha t we
thi nk s oci ety i s l i ke a nd whether we
ca n obta i n a n a ccura te,
truthful pi cture of i t.




Validity
A true pi cture of…

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SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS: Experiments

Laboratory experiments
Consists of two groups:

1. The EXPERIMENTAL GROUP: With this group, we might vary the variables/conditions
2. The CONTROL GROUP: With this group, the condition/variables stay the same

Reliability:
Once an experiment has been conducted, other scientists can replicate it.

The lab experiments are…

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PRACTICAL PROBLEMS:
- It is impossible to identify/control all the variables that might exert an influence, i.e. a child's
educational achievement.

- Laboratory experiments cannot be used to study the past- It is impossible to control variables that
were acting in the past rather than the present.

- Study small…

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Using experiments to investigate Education
Many sociologists claim that teachers' expectations of different groups of
pupils have important effects, leading to labelling, the self-fulfilling prophecy
(It is the process by which ones expectations of a person leads that person to
behave in ways that confirm those expectations) and unequal achievement.…

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Charkin et al (1975)
Procedure:
48 students from UNI (sample) were asked to give lesson to 10
year old boys.
1/3 of them (the high expectancy group) were told the boys'
were smart.
1/3 where told the boys had poor motivation and low IQ (low
expectancy group.
1/3 were given…

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Ethical Issues:
Lab experiments rarely use real children = so no
children suffer negative effects ( e.g. Mason and
Harvey and Slatin)

Charkin et al (1975) used real children= unethical
because :

Vulnerable group

Don't understand nature of experiment due to limited ability

Lack of informed consent

Psychological damage



Narrow…

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Field experiment and teacher expectations

Rosethenal and Jacobson's (1968)
Aim: investigate extent of self-fulfilling prophecy

Procedure : Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, in 1968,
gave all the children in an elementary class a test and told
teachers that some of children were unusually clever (though
they were actually average).
They…

Comments

Aiste - Team GR

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extremely useful. 
thank you :)

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