Sociology-Research Methods-AQA-Unit 2

Consists of plenty of images for visual learners, in order to make life easier, and is in a simpified version-No need for a sociology book-This is all that is needed for your revision on research methods. It also includes past paper questions and an answer model. I hope this has helped..

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Gul95
  • Created on: 08-02-13 19:46

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Sociological Research Methods: Choosing a research method

The purpose of sociology is to answer
questions about social life and the social
EG: Why do middle-class children generally
achieve better exam results than working class

The following are issues we need to think about when deciding which research methods…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
So how do we select the right one for our research?
Different methods and sources of data have different strengths and limitations and we need to be
able to evaluate these when selecting which on to use.
We can look at these strengths and limitations in terms of practical, ethical…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Ethi cs refers to mora l i s s ues of ri ght a nd wrong.
The Bri ti s h Soci ol ogi ca l As s oci a ti on (BPS)
s ets out gui del i nes for
the conduct
of res ea rch i…

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Thi s refers to ques ti ons a bout wha t we
thi nk s oci ety i s l i ke a nd whether we
ca n obta i n a n a ccura te,
truthful pi cture of i t.

A true pi cture of…

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Laboratory experiments
Consists of two groups:

1. The EXPERIMENTAL GROUP: With this group, we might vary the variables/conditions
2. The CONTROL GROUP: With this group, the condition/variables stay the same

Once an experiment has been conducted, other scientists can replicate it.

The lab experiments are…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
- It is impossible to identify/control all the variables that might exert an influence, i.e. a child's
educational achievement.

- Laboratory experiments cannot be used to study the past- It is impossible to control variables that
were acting in the past rather than the present.

- Study small…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Using experiments to investigate Education
Many sociologists claim that teachers' expectations of different groups of
pupils have important effects, leading to labelling, the self-fulfilling prophecy
(It is the process by which ones expectations of a person leads that person to
behave in ways that confirm those expectations) and unequal achievement.…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Charkin et al (1975)
48 students from UNI (sample) were asked to give lesson to 10
year old boys.
1/3 of them (the high expectancy group) were told the boys'
were smart.
1/3 where told the boys had poor motivation and low IQ (low
expectancy group.
1/3 were given…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Ethical Issues:
Lab experiments rarely use real children = so no
children suffer negative effects ( e.g. Mason and
Harvey and Slatin)

Charkin et al (1975) used real children= unethical
because :

Vulnerable group

Don't understand nature of experiment due to limited ability

Lack of informed consent

Psychological damage


Page 10

Preview of page 10
Field experiment and teacher expectations

Rosethenal and Jacobson's (1968)
Aim: investigate extent of self-fulfilling prophecy

Procedure : Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, in 1968,
gave all the children in an elementary class a test and told
teachers that some of children were unusually clever (though
they were actually average).


Aiste - Team GR


extremely useful. 
thank you :)

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »