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EXPLAINING CLASS DIFFERENCES
When looking at educational achievement by social class, sociologists generally
use parental occupation to determine a pupil's class.…read more

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THE EDUCATION SYSTEM FOR CLASSES
If you are in a higher class, you are more likely to achieve grades A-C and
complete in education at `higher level' but overall attendance is dropping.
However, is this because of educational reasoning's, or financial?
You are also more likely to attend Private education if you are in the higher
classes, and although only 7% of students attend Private education, almost
all of them attend Oxford or Cambridge Universities.…read more

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External factors can be narrowed down to three categories:
Material Deprivation
Cultural Deprivation
Cultural Capital
MATERIAL DEPREVATION
Flaherty (2004) claims money problems within the family is a significant factor
in the lack of attendance at school
This is also backed up by Government Statistics which say that Exclusion and
truancy is more common amongst the working class, and 1 in 3 truants will
leave education with NO qualifications. Nearly 90% of failing schools are in
working class areas.…read more

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CULTURAL DEPRIVATION
To understand the role of different external factors
Sociologists argue that we begin to learn the basic values, attitudes and skills
that are needed for educational success through the process of primary
socialisation
However according to some many working class families fail to socialise their
children adequately
This leads them to being culturally deprived
INTERLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTS
>Refers to thinking, learning and reasoning skills…read more

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Bernstein and Young (1967) argued that middle class parents are also more
likely to choose educational toys for their children
>Douglas (1964) argued that middle class parents are also more likely to read
with their children at home.
LANGUAGE
>Bereiter and Engelmann (1966) argue that language used in a working class
home is not as developed as in middle classes; they are more likely to rely on
gestures etc. Working Class children fail to fully develop their language skills.…read more

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UK: Educational Priority Areas in the 1960's and Educational Action Zones in
the 1990's
ARE WE REALLY CULTURALLY DEPRIVED
>Children are culturally different not culturally deprived. Troyna and Williams
(1986) said the problems is schools attitudes, whereas Blackstone and
Mortimore (1994) said working class parents couldn't physically do anything
about it because of irregular hours and working commitments.…read more

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QUESTIONNAIRES GOOD AND BAD...
Need lots to get good results
Easy to Lie
Children might exaggerate
Easy to do
Easy to hand out
Might have the Elaborated Code on it
EDUCATIONAL MARKET
Gerwitz (1995)
Three types of parents
1. Privileged semi skilled choosers
2. Disconnected local choosers
3. Semi-skilled choosers
TOPIC 2 INTERNAL FACTORS
LABELLING
Labelling is Stereotypes and Prejudice within the classroom.…read more

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PRIMARY SCHOOL LABELLING
Rist (1970) found teachers home background and appearance to put them into
groups.…read more

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Exam league tables; exam performance (although it takes no account
of pupils abilities)
Competition amongst school to attract pupils
Gilbourn and Youdell(eheywho its kinda phonetic this bit...…read more

Comments

SourSkittles178

These resources are great, they should help me a ton with revision. I was just wondering if these resources correspond to the AQA Sociology Paper 1 exam?

esa1

Excellent resource Thank you

Julie


This is excellent! Thank you soo much has made revision so much easier :))

Dolapo

NICE ONE

wngono

A great summary of the education topic under AQA which combines colorful and concise tables as well as in depth written elaboration. This is a  fantastic resources for anyone who finds the dense information in the books overwhelming.

aollen

Hi, these notes are great, thank you! Would you say there's enough information here to get an A?

parvos98

Very very good, however you need to go into greater detail on the work of some of the sociologists.

RiotoftheDamned

One of the resources which helped me get my A, so thanks ^_^

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