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EXPLAINING CLASS DIFFERENCES




When looking at educational achievement by social class, sociologists generally
use parental occupation to determine a pupil's class. The most common
classification used is the:

`Registrar General's Classification by Occupation' (2000)

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THE EDUCATION SYSTEM FOR CLASSES
If you are in a higher class, you are more likely to achieve grades A-C and
complete in education at `higher level' but overall attendance is dropping.

However, is this because of educational reasoning's, or financial?

You are also more likely to attend Private education…

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External factors can be narrowed down to three categories:

Material Deprivation
Cultural Deprivation
Cultural Capital

MATERIAL DEPREVATION

Flaherty (2004) claims money problems within the family is a significant factor
in the lack of attendance at school

This is also backed up by Government Statistics which say that Exclusion and
truancy…

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CULTURAL DEPRIVATION

To understand the role of different external factors

Sociologists argue that we begin to learn the basic values, attitudes and skills
that are needed for educational success through the process of primary
socialisation

However according to some many working class families fail to socialise their
children adequately

This…

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>Bernstein and Young (1967) argued that middle class parents are also more
likely to choose educational toys for their children

>Douglas (1964) argued that middle class parents are also more likely to read
with their children at home.

LANGUAGE

>Bereiter and Engelmann (1966) argue that language used in a working…

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UK: Educational Priority Areas in the 1960's and Educational Action Zones in
the 1990's

ARE WE REALLY CULTURALLY DEPRIVED

>Children are culturally different not culturally deprived. Troyna and Williams
(1986) said the problems is schools attitudes, whereas Blackstone and
Mortimore (1994) said working class parents couldn't physically do anything
about…

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QUESTIONNAIRES GOOD AND BAD...

Need lots to get good results
Easy to Lie
Children might exaggerate
Easy to do
Easy to hand out
Might have the Elaborated Code on it

EDUCATIONAL MARKET

Gerwitz (1995)

Three types of parents

1. Privileged semi skilled choosers
2. Disconnected local choosers
3. Semi-skilled choosers…

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PRIMARY SCHOOL LABELLING

Rist (1970) found teachers home background and appearance to put them into
groups. There are the `tigers' `cardinals' and `clowns'

Sharp and Green when the child is ready to learn they will come to you rather
than you going to them

HIGH OR LOW STATUS KNOWLEDGE

Keddie…

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Exam league tables; exam performance (although it takes no account
of pupils abilities)
Competition amongst school to attract pupils

Gilbourn and Youdell(eheywho its kinda phonetic this bit...) said this is where
they ration their time and effort on children that can potentially boost their
league table, so the thick and…

Comments

SourSkittles178

These resources are great, they should help me a ton with revision. I was just wondering if these resources correspond to the AQA Sociology Paper 1 exam?

esa1

Excellent resource Thank you

Julie


This is excellent! Thank you soo much has made revision so much easier :))

Dolapo

NICE ONE

wngono

A great summary of the education topic under AQA which combines colorful and concise tables as well as in depth written elaboration. This is a  fantastic resources for anyone who finds the dense information in the books overwhelming.

aollen

Hi, these notes are great, thank you! Would you say there's enough information here to get an A?

parvos98

Very very good, however you need to go into greater detail on the work of some of the sociologists.

RiotoftheDamned

One of the resources which helped me get my A, so thanks ^_^

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