Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
2…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
Education and Methods in Context
The Education specification
1 The role and purpose of education, including vocational education and
training, in contemporary society
Functionalist and New Right views of the role and purpose of education:
transmission of values, training workforce
Marxist and other conflict views of the role and purpose of education: social control,
ideology, hegemony `deschoolers' (Illich, Friere): socialisation into conformity by
coercion
Vocational education and training: the relationship between school and work: human…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
1. The Role of Education
(1) Functionalism and the New Right
Functionalist theories of education
Functionalism is a consensus theory which sees society as being essentially harmonious. It
is based on the view that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by a
shared culture or value consensus ­ an agreement amongst society's members about what
values are important. Each part of society, such as family, the economy etc.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
each person must have the necessary specialist knowledge and skills to perform
their role.
Criticisms of Durkheim
Marxists argue that educational institutions tend to transmit a dominant culture which
serves the interest of the ruling class rather than those of society as a whole.
Studies by Willis and Hargreaves, for example, show that the transmission of norms
and values is not always successful.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
Davis and Moore education and role allocation
Davis and Moore see education as a means of role allocation. The education system
sifts and sorts people according to their abilities.
The most talented gain high qualifications which lead to functionally important jobs
with high rewards.
This will lead to inequalities in society, but this is quite natural and even desirable in
capitalist societies because there is only a limited amount of talent.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
They believe that education should socialise students into shared values and provide
a sense of national identity.
In addition, the New Right believe that older industrial societies such as Britain are in
decline, partly as a result of increased global competition.
They do not believe that the education system as it is now (run by the state) is achieving
their goals.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
They argue that the American state education has failed and they make the case for
opening it up to market forces of supply and demand. They make a number of
claims: 1.) disadvantaged groups ­ the lower classes, ethnic and religious minorities
and rural communities ­ have been badly served by the education system. Failed to
create equal opportunity. 2.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

SCLY 2: Education and methods in context Revision notes 2009
What is Marxism?
Marxism is a conflict view that sees society as being based on class divisions and
exploitation. Marxists argue that:
In capitalist society there are two classes ­ the ruling class (capitalists, or
bourgeoisie) and the subject class (working class, or proletarians)
The capitalist class own the means of production (land, factories etc) and make their
profits by exploiting the labour of the working class.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all resources »