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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table




Name of Method Description of Advantages Disadvantages Examples of Use
Method
Official Statistics Data produced by Reliable Data ­ if repeated results Show links but do not explain the Russell and Rebecca
(Positivists) the government on would be similar causes Dobash used the…

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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table


informed consent and receive Questionnaires impose the
anonymity researcher's meanings, e.g. the
researcher chooses the questions thus
deciding what is important or not.
Group Interviews Where up to half a For younger pupils, it may be more For older pupils, the pressure of…

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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table


informed consent and receive
anonymity



Unstructured Similar to a guided The informality allows the Take a long time to conduct, the time Aaron Cicourel and John
interviews conversation, the interviewer to build up a rapport scale will mean that the researcher will Kitsuse…

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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table


Cheap source of data, and quick
and easy to obtain
Participant Where a researcher Valid, the researcher is able to Personal Characteristics such as age, Wright found her
Observations enters an understand meanings behind gender and ethnicity affect the process Afro-Caribbean ethnicity
(Interactionists)…

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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table




Longitudinal Studies A study that follows Trace developments over time, Sample Attrition ­ Where the sample Seven Up ­ BBC Study of
the same sample rather than a quick snapshot declines in size. E.g death, loss of the lives of 10
over an…

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Methods in Context Revision Notes and Table



Lab Experiments Experiments in an Reliable, other scientists can You cannot control all the variables Charkin et al (1975)
(Positivists) artificial environment replicate it because of its Small group, rarely representative used a sample of 48
to find a structured nature Ethics of…

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