Roosevelt Foreign Policy

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  • Created on: 31-03-12 14:41
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­ Roosevel
-Hoover had economic nationalism with many tariffs, through the Hawley-Smoot Tariff
Act 1930
-Hewas involved abroad as shown by the agreement for a US presence at the World
Economic Conference in June 1933.
Definition of isolationist: No involvement in any other country. The US viewed this as
militarily although it can be defined as no economic involvement abroad.
New Deal Diplomacy
-Peace after WWI was breaking down by 1933 when Roosevelt came to power
US response to become more nationalistic and isolationist
Due to Depression focusing on domestic affairs and popular abhorrence of war
-Roosevelt had preached internationalism but now was far more isolationist than
Disallowed League of Nations
War debts had to be paid back in full
Put domestic recovery before international economic co-operation
Secretary of State, Cordell Hull went to World Economic Conference (shows
importance that US gives it) with the aim to agree on tariff agreements, but Roosevelt
stopped this. (Isolationist) and called a key programme the conference decided `the old
fetishes of so-called international bankers' giving the impression Americans were
impossible to work with
-Establishment of diplomatic relations with Soviet Union as US formally recognised them
in November 1933
Not isolationist and did not bring the trade that it hoped and did not keep their
promises (to give religious freedoms to US citizens in Soviet Union, negotiate war debts
settlement + no propaganda in US)
`Good Neighbor' Policy
- Roosevelt had promised to follow this saying `the policy of the good neighbor ­ the
neighbor who resolutely respects himself and because he does so, respects the rights
of others'. It became related with Latin America and there was continued withdrawal of
US signed a convention at the seventh Pan-American conference at Montevideo in
December 1933, saying that `no state has the right to intervene in the internal or
external affairs of another' proving isolationist approach

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US and Cuba signed treaty ending the Platt Amendment (1903) so stopping
America intervention
1936 with Panama
August 1934 left Haiti.
First time in a generation- No part of Latin America under US occupation
But still economic involvement ­ dollar diplomacy ­ strengthening US influence
Est. Export- Import Bank in 1934 + Reciprocal trade agreements
However, did show some restraint, as did not get militarily involved when their
interests were at risk, despite oil companies campaigning for intervention.…read more

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First required President to declare an arms embargo against all belligerent (aggressive)
attack on Ethiopia by October 1935 US called for a moral embargo (voluntary)
­interventionist but did not impose sanctions like the League (isolationsist)
Second passed Feb 1936-preventing war loans and credits to belligerents for another
Third renewed these and made travel on belligerent ships unlawful and `cash and carry
provision' making belligerents pay for any materials bought in US- President decides
Roosevelt was not too enthusiastic about them esp the idea…read more

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Seemed to show interventionist approach, but Americans were determined not to
enter the imminent war, it was defensive.
But still isolationist...…read more

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US Public Opinion + Opposition
-Roosevelt tried to persuade public opinion of the danger to the nation and his views
were reinforced by those of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. The
Committee ran an effective propaganda campaign stressing that Great Britain was the
first line of American defence and urging to support her in any way possible except war-
most opposed to USA entering the war.…read more

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The US had problems of getting the aid to Britain as by the spring of 41, German U
boats were sinking 500,000 tons of shipping a month so Roosevelt took steps edging
the US into the Battle of the Atlantic
March 41- Roosevelt gave permission for damaged British warships to be repaired in
American dockyards + for RAF pilots to train in Florida
April- extended the hemispheric neutrality zone, halfway across the Atlantic, ordered
American naval patrol to comb the area for German submarines and…read more


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