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Page 1

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Amer
ican
For
eign
Pol
icy
­ Roosevel
t

Previously...
-Hoover had economic nationalism with many tariffs, through the Hawley-Smoot Tariff
Act 1930
-Hewas involved abroad as shown by the agreement for a US presence at the World
Economic Conference in June 1933.


Definition of isolationist: No involvement in any…

Page 2

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1934 US and Cuba signed treaty ending the Platt Amendment (1903) so stopping
America intervention
1936 with Panama
August 1934 left Haiti.
First time in a generation- No part of Latin America under US occupation

But still economic involvement ­ dollar diplomacy ­ strengthening US influence
Est. Export- Import Bank…

Page 3

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First required President to declare an arms embargo against all belligerent (aggressive)
ships
attack on Ethiopia by October 1935 US called for a moral embargo (voluntary)
­interventionist but did not impose sanctions like the League (isolationsist)
Second passed Feb 1936-preventing war loans and credits to belligerents for another
year
Third…

Page 4

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the largest peacetime naval appropriation ever voted but only 20% increase in naval
building programme
Seemed to show interventionist approach, but Americans were determined not to
enter the imminent war, it was defensive.


But still isolationist...
-Congress would not repeal arms-embargo provision of Neutrality Act
-Congress adjourned without having acted…

Page 5

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US Public Opinion + Opposition
-Roosevelt tried to persuade public opinion of the danger to the nation and his views
were reinforced by those of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. The
Committee ran an effective propaganda campaign stressing that Great Britain was the
first line of…

Page 6

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-The US had problems of getting the aid to Britain as by the spring of 41, German U
boats were sinking 500,000 tons of shipping a month so Roosevelt took steps edging
the US into the Battle of the Atlantic
March 41- Roosevelt gave permission for damaged British warships to…

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