US Forgein Policy

  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 07-05-13 22:55

Key Issues 1890-1920

  • The Open Door with China
  • Spanish-American War
  • Move away from isolationism
  • WWI
  • Roosevelt
  • Success of Woodrow Wilson
  • Public opinion
  • Americas changing position
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Traditional Foreign Policy

  • Non-involvment
  • Rural nation that didn't need much contact with the outside world
  • Distance kept by the Alantic & Pacific oceans
  • Treaties with bordering countries
  • Kept out of wars
  • Raw materials at home for industrialisation
  • Internal expansion

"Beware foreign alliances"

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The Monroe Doctrine

1. US Policy was to avoid becoming involved in European wars unless American Interests were at hand

2. The American continents were not to be colonised by any European powers

3. Any attempts at colonisation would be seen as "unfriendly acts"

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The foundation for Imperialism

  • The end of the frontier and rapid industrialisation pushed the USA into reconsidering it's approach to foreign policy
  • By the end of the 1890's the USA has massively expanded its navy, engaged in war with spain and annexed several pacific territories

"If we Americans are to be a really great power we must strive to take part in the world. If we shrink from the hard contests, then bolder and stronger people will pass us by and win for themselves the domi nation of the world"

-Theodore Roosevelt

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The beginnings of Expansion


  • A destination for American planters/missionaries
  • 1890 - Hawaiis rights to export duty-free sugar to America were abolished following a fall in demand and price collapse
  • Queen Lilioukalani led a rebellion
  • 1893 - a pro-US Government was established
  • This Government requested an annexation by the USA
  • 1898 - McKinley granted the request
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