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Slide 1

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Pilgrimage of Grace - Causes
Break from Discontent in the
Roman Dissolution of North at the Divorce
Catholic the
Political of Catherin of Aragon
Social, Political Ann Boleyn's reputation for
and Economic adultery, witchcraft and treason
grievances undermined the monarchy's
prestige and the King's personal
Anger towards reputation
Henry VIII the rise of
Northern Taxation in peace Peasants worried that their
Gentry time ­ Subsidy Act church plate would be
Religious confiscated
concerns over
the new Statute
of Uses
Popular rumours for Tax on
Marriages, Baptism and Funerals
Poor Harvest of
1535 and 1536
Economic Northerners Ten Articles and the new order of
led to high food
discontent with the Prayer issued in 1535 reformed
new beliefs official doctrine…read more

Slide 2

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Pilgrimage of Grace - Causes
Disaffected nobility
Greedy regime trying to regain
Treason Act
Policy on Royal Thomas
Supremacy Cromwell Aristocratic feud
Policy towards
Heresy Disaffected nobility
trying to regain
influence in court…read more

Slide 3

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Pilgrimage of Grace - Events
An oath of behaviour and
overall demeanour was sworn Gathered at York and then
Took Pontefract Castle
by all who took part in the at Pontefract
Norfolk met Robert Aske
at Doncaster Bridge on
Aske remained in Yorkshire to At York Robert Aske
27th October 1536.
ensure that the rebels expelled monks and nuns
Norfolk persuaded the
organisation maintained itself to their houses; Catholic
rebels to disband and
if the King failed to deliver observance resumed
some escorted to London
by Norfolk himself
Robert Aske travels to
London on the King's
request. Briefs about the
Rebel leader's met in
feelings of the north.
Pontefract in early December
January 1537 Aske returns
to construct the 24 Articles
to Yorkshire and becomes
a vocal supporter of Henry
VIII…read more

Slide 4

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Pilgrimage of Grace - Results
All Executed July 1537
Two juries established in · Sir John Bigod,
15 of the main leaders
Yorkshire to decide · Sir Thomas Percy,
arrested despite the
whether a trail in London · Sir John Bulmer
promise of a pardon
was needed · Sir Stephen Hamilton,
· Sir Nicolas Tempast,
· Sir William Lumley,
· Sir Edward Neville,
Juries made up of the · Sir John Constable,
friends and family of · Sir William Constable,
those arrested (Cromwell' · Sir Robert Constable,
s idea). This process is · Adam Sedbar
known as Indictment · Abbot of Jervaulx
· Abbot of Barlings
· Abbot of Sawley
Results · Abbot of Fountains abbey
· Prior of Bridlington
All of the accused where
found guilty of treason
Robert Aske was 216 executed ­ Lords and Knights,
hanged in chains Half a dozen Abbots, 38 monks and
from the walls of 16 Parish Priests.
York Castle as a
warning to other
would-be rebels…read more

Slide 5

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Pilgrimage of Grace ­ Successes of the rebellion
Four of the seven sacraments
Statue of Uses was that were omitted from the
negated by a new law, Ten articles were restored in
Statute of Wills the Bishop's Book of 1537
Onslaught upon heresy
was promised in a royal
proclamation in 1538…read more

Slide 6

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Pilgrimage of Grace ­ Failures of the rebellion
The Dissolution of the
monasteries continued.
The largest monasteries
being dissolved by 1540
England was not reunited with Great tracts of land were seized
the Catholic Church in Rome, from the Church and divided
Except during a the brief reign of Failures among the monarchy and it's
Mary I of England supporters
The moves towards official
Protestantism achieved by
Cromwell were not reversed except
during the five-year reign of Mary I
of England (1553-1558)…read more


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