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Tudor Revision

Condition of the Church in 1529

Overall Themes: Reformation from above or below

Key Questions: Was the Church in 1529 in desperate need for reform?
Was the Church in 1529 in dire condition? Etc

Historians: Duffy (Catholic) ­ from above
Dickens ­ from below
Critics: John Colet ­…

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with the priest, was arrested for having a Lollard bible and was murdered in prison.) simony,
pluralism. Sale of holy relics such as
But Scarisbrick found 60% of people left money to church in wills ­ wouldn't have if they felt
they had had too much already.

Satisfaction ­ Complaints…

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after 52 days in 1511 and Mary who was still alive but was a woman in a patriarchal
society which had civil war the last time there was a female Queen.
Disputed succession ­ the Tudor reign is insecure due to its relative newness and
therefore it needs a strong…

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cardinal Campeggio as well. Blackfriar trial begins in March 1529 (court hears both cases
including Catherine's appeals). 23rd July 1529 decision expected but Campeggio delays over
summer of 1529. October 1529- Court does not meet. Wolsey has lost power and is removed
in 1529, replaced as Chancellor by Thomas More…

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Argument: Power but excuses were state of church and divorce and encouraged by advisers and
money. Link power throughout.

Themes: 1. Personal Power ­opportunity to expand power and influence
2. Advisers ­ not normally sustained interest -knew direction ­AB faction
3. State of the Church ­reform needed -used MPs complaints…

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Argument: Pope's actions allow Cromwell to keep pressurizing Henry because the Pope doesn't
recognise Anne and believes Elizabeth is a bastard.
Themes: 1. Power of Monarch
2. Religious change
3. People introduced

Types of evidence that could be used:

1534- Act of First Fruits and Tenths
-anyone in the…

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to criticise Henry. They were a threat because they were well respected, united,
and influential as well as being geographically close to London (in Greenwich).
Franciscans - 7 friars were shut nationally in 1534 with the inmates forced out
of the public and the stubborn imprisoned (30 died). The Carthusians…

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Henry VIII's grandmother who became a nun when she became a widow, and there
was only 1 confession of homosexuality per 30 monasteries.
New religious ideas ­ Luther was a monk and published `de votis monasticis' which
criticised monastic life as there was no scriptural basis of it. BUT Henry…

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3. Political ­ Cromwell. Threats to nobility. Earl of Northumberland.

Types of evidence that could be used:
1. Religious ­ 1/3 of demands. Demand restoration of monasteries (timing when dis monasteries
began), removal of heresy and return to papal authority. Defending the Faith. Attacked heretical
bishops e.g. Cranmer. March under…

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Argument: Trying to purify the Church and make it more accessible, the core beliefs (trans, 7
sacraments and justification by faith are never truly denied)

Themes: 1. Influence of Cromwell (Lutheran)
2. Response to domestic issues (PoG)
3.Foreign Policy (Francis and Charles)

1. More Protestant ­ acts
2. More Protestant…




great resource, top of the notch stuff - kids loved it!!!



an absolute classic - 5 stars!!!

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