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The relationship between stress and
illness…read more

Slide 2

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What is stress?
Stress is an imbalance between perceived
demands and perceived coping responses. In
other words it is a response to stimuli in the
environment. Stimuli is the thing that causes
you to act stressed. Example of stimuli: a
spider. An the possible response would be to
run away. Stress is both psychological and
Some stress is good for you as it keeps you
alert and protects you but high levels of stress
could lead to mental health problems.
The 2 approaches to stress are: Response-
based ( any stimulus producing the stress
response) and stimulus-based (certain events…read more

Slide 3

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Causes of stress
There are many things that can cause stress such as:
events, individual personality, work/school, control
of situations and so on.
Holmes and Rahe (1967) conducted a questionnaire
to quantity life events (any life events that may
cause stress).They came up with the idea of `social
readjustment rating scale' and to test their theory
they asked 394 people to compare 43 life events with
marriage. The final scores were then divided and
defined as Life change units (major life events that
can be rated in terms of life change units). The
findings suggest that high LCU scores may be linked
to illness and injury.
METHODOLOGICAL: Experiment only carried out
in the US. Therefore the results can't be generalised
globally. As it was a questionnaire study, the
variables were not manipulated which is a good…read more

Slide 4

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The body's response to stress
This involves appraisal processes, located in the
limbic system, has 2 processes:
Primary appraisal- when the person assess the
situation to identify the possible demands
from it
Secondary appraisal- when the person assess
their ability to cope with threatening
This process comes from the transaction model-
a model of stress, (developed by Lazens and
Folkman) . It depends upon the individuals
perception of themselves and the world
around them. A good thing about this model
is that it takes individual differences into…read more

Slide 5

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The 2 types of response to stress
1. The first type of response to stress is the
Fight or Flight response. This happens when
an act an individual experiences a sudden act
of stress for example, if you are walking
alone at night and you hear footsteps behind
you, your adrenal glands release adrenaline
which causes increase heart rate, decrease of
the saliver glands (dry mouth), increases
sweat glands and also increases muscles. This
happens because your body is getting ready
to fight or flight.
2. The second type of response is rest and
digest. This happens when you are calm or
even when calming down from the Fight or…read more

Slide 6

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The nervous system
The neuron is a basis unit
and conducts electrical
Coordinate impulses to transmit
d by the messages around the body.
centres in Neurons are cells making up
the brain the nervous system. The
(hypothala messages travel along the
mus, axon (part of the neuron)
medulla) and across the synapse
which is a gap between one
Within the nervous
neuron and the system
there is Central nervous
system which is made up of
The autonomic nervous the brain and spinal cord and
system, in the PNS, is the peripheral nervous
associated with stress system which are bundles of
and is central to nerves travelling around the
maintain a constant body to carry information
into the CNS, muscles and
internal environment
glands. The information
(Homeostasis) travels along pathways:
sensory and motor.…read more

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