AS Psychology Revision booklet

A summary of all the points (2012 spec) 
and some pictures and playful puns to help you memorise NAMES and experiment outcomes

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  • Created on: 23-05-13 21:54
Preview of AS Psychology Revision booklet

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PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
REVISION
PSYCHOLOGY BOOKLET
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
STRESS
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS
STRESS= A STATE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TENSION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AROUSAL PRODUCED BY A
STRESSOR, WHICH PUTS THE INDIVIDUAL INTO A FLIGHT OF FIGHT RESPONSE. IT IS AN ADAPTIVE
RESPONSE: IMPORTANT FOR SURVIVAL WHEN DEALING WITH EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.
STRESSOR= A PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL STIMULUS THAT THREATENS AN INDIVIDUAL'S
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND/OR PHYSIOLOGICAL WELL-BEING.…read more

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS
EFFECTS OF SNS ACTIVATION ON THE BODY
6 symptoms of the fight
or flight response
Increased pupil size: more light =
better vision
Increased heart rate: greater
blood flow to muscles
Glycogen converted to glucose:
for energy
Bronchial tubes in lungs dilate:
for greater oxygen intake
Sweat glands stimulated to
produce more sweat:
to cool the body down
Adrenal medulla stimulated to
release adrenaline: to make the
body alert
3…read more

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS
Chronic stress: the pituitary-adrenal system
Hypothalamic Pituitary
Hypothalamus
Adrenal Axis activated
Messenger CRF
Messenger ACTH Pituitary gland activated Corticotrophin-releasing
adrenocorticotrophic factor
hormone
Adrenal cortex Cortisol released
stimulated (high build-up of cortisol
causes chronic stress
related illnesses)
How can a stressful lifestyle lead
to cardiovascular disease?
When a person is stressed, the
blood pressure rises. This causes an
abnormal wear and tear to the
delicate blood vessels. When these
vessels get damaged, plaques build-
up, resulting in a narrowed lumen.…read more

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: ACUTE STRESS
My name is Janice Kiecolt Glaser and in 1984 I
carried out an experiment to see how acute
stress affects the immune system. I took a blood
sample a month before the exams and during the
exam period from students.
I measured the NK cell activity.
High NK cell activity =
high immunity
NK cell activity was significantly reduced during
the exam period. This shows that short term,
predictable stressors decrease immune system
functioning, making us more vulnerable to illness.…read more

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: CHRONIC STRESS
This time I did an experiment involving chronic
stress.
I measured how long it took to heal a blister on a
person's arm.
The wound took longer to heal if the married
couple had fights often.
I also checked the immune system of those who
were married and those who have separated with
their partners.
Those who have separated up to a year ago had
a poorer immune system.…read more

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
I took part in this
Hello all, my name is Evans and just before I
built an ark I carried out an experiment.
I looked at the activity of an anti-body ­sigA-
which coats the mucous surfaces of the
mouth, stomach and lungs which helps to
protect against infection.
I asked some students
to give talks to their class
mates (acute stress).…read more

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: EVALUATION, INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND REAL WORLD APPLICATIONS
Evaluation:
Lazarus suggested there are various reasons why a
relationship between stress and illness is difficult to
establish.
* Health is affected by many different factors,
including genetic influences, lifestyle etc.
As a result, stress may have very little to do with health.
*Health is usually fairly stable and slow to change, therefore it is hard to
demonstrate how one stressor can affect health.…read more

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LIFE CHANGES
Hello there fellow Psychology revisers,
we are Rahe and Holmes.…read more

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We used over 5000 patient
information to establish the list
Myself and Mr. Holmes came up with
a hypothesis..
The more LCU (life changing units) a person
will have throughout their life, the more likely it
will be that they will be ill.
Mr. Holmes however, expressed no further interest around the
topic thus I went on to carry the experiment out myself.
I asked 2700 US Navy Cruisers to fill out my SRRS relating to
the past 6 months of their life.…read more

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