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Page 1

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PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
REVISION
PSYCHOLOGY BOOKLET
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY


STRESS
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY…

Page 2

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS

STRESS= A STATE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TENSION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL AROUSAL PRODUCED BY A
STRESSOR, WHICH PUTS THE INDIVIDUAL INTO A FLIGHT OF FIGHT RESPONSE. IT IS AN ADAPTIVE
RESPONSE: IMPORTANT FOR SURVIVAL WHEN DEALING WITH EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.

STRESSOR= A PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL STIMULUS THAT THREATENS AN…

Page 3

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS

EFFECTS OF SNS ACTIVATION ON THE BODY



6 symptoms of the fight
or flight response




Increased pupil size: more light =
better vision




Increased heart rate: greater
blood flow to muscles




Glycogen converted to glucose:
for energy




Bronchial tubes in lungs dilate:
for greater oxygen…

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THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS

Chronic stress: the pituitary-adrenal system


Hypothalamic Pituitary
Hypothalamus
Adrenal Axis activated




Messenger CRF
Messenger ACTH Pituitary gland activated Corticotrophin-releasing
adrenocorticotrophic factor
hormone



Adrenal cortex Cortisol released
stimulated (high build-up of cortisol
causes chronic stress
related illnesses)




How can a stressful lifestyle lead
to cardiovascular disease?…

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: ACUTE STRESS




My name is Janice Kiecolt Glaser and in 1984 I
carried out an experiment to see how acute
stress affects the immune system. I took a blood
sample a month before the exams and during the
exam period from students.

I measured the NK cell activity.…

Page 6

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: CHRONIC STRESS




This time I did an experiment involving chronic
stress.
I measured how long it took to heal a blister on a
person's arm.
The wound took longer to heal if the married
couple had fights often.




I also checked the immune system of those who
were…

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: THE IMMUNE SYSTEM




I took part in this

Hello all, my name is Evans and just before I
built an ark I carried out an experiment.

I looked at the activity of an anti-body ­sigA-
which coats the mucous surfaces of the
mouth, stomach and lungs which helps…

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STRESS-RELATED ILLNESS: EVALUATION, INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND REAL WORLD APPLICATIONS


Evaluation:
Lazarus suggested there are various reasons why a
relationship between stress and illness is difficult to
establish.

* Health is affected by many different factors,
including genetic influences, lifestyle etc.
As a result, stress may have very little to do…

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LIFE CHANGES



Hello there fellow Psychology revisers,
we are Rahe and Holmes.




I see what you did there




We indeed came up with the SRRS
(Social Readjustment Rating Scale)



A way to measure how stressful life
events were




Rank Life event (LCU)
1 Death of spouse (100)
2 Divorce (73)…

Page 10

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We used over 5000 patient
information to establish the list




Myself and Mr. Holmes came up with
a hypothesis..




The more LCU (life changing units) a person
will have throughout their life, the more likely it
will be that they will be ill.




Mr. Holmes however, expressed no further interest…

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