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TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY DIFFERENCES IN MODIFYING THE EFFECTS OF
STRESS
PERSONALITY
TYPE A PERSONALITY more prone to stress.
3 characteristics of Type A
· Competitive
· Hostile
· Impatient…read more

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TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY DIFFERENCES IN MODIFYING THE EFFECTS OF STRESS
STUDY BY FRIEDMAN & ROSENMAN
American men living in California with no health
problems were assessed using questionnaires and
interviews.
This determined if they were Type A or Type B
personalities and more prone to stress.
They checked the health records of all the participants
after 8 years.
They found 257 out of 3200 participants had
experienced coronary heart disease.
70% of those with coronary heart disease were Type A
personalities.
They took into account other lifestyle factors that can
result in heart disease e.g. smoking, diet.
Therefore personality can cause stress related illness.…read more

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TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY DIFFERENCES IN MODIFYING THE EFFECTS OF STRESS
CRITICISMS:
· Biased sample ­ similar socio-economic and
cultural background
· Not all Type A personalities developed heart
disease.
This suggests that some individuals have other
personality characteristics that enable them to
cope better with stressful situations.…read more

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TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY DIFFERENCES IN MODIFYING THE EFFECTS OF STRESS
HARDY PERSONALITY - less prone to stress
3 characteristics of a Hardy personality
· Control
· Commitment
· Challenge…read more

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TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY DIFFERENCES IN MODIFYING THE EFFECTS OF STRESS
STUDY BY KOBASA
Kobasa studied a group of executives who all
scored high on a stress questionnaire.
She assessed their personality and monitored
their health over the next 12 months.
She expected that they would experience stress
related illness.
She found that only some of the executives
experienced stress related illness.
Those that did not become ill had hardy
personalities and were able to cope with the
effects of stress.
They had scored high on control, commitment
and challenge in the personality tests.…read more

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