Pre-release series (#4) [2014]:pre-release revision notes

Hi there.

If you haven't seen my resources yet then this is sort of a series I've created for the pre-release of June 2014.

Here's #4.

Projected documents in the series:

#0.5- Initial ideas.

#1- Timelines of East Africa from the 1880s to the present day.

#2- Possible questions for the pre-release.

#3- Theories of development.

#4- Extra research and the overall pre-release revision notes.

#5-Parallel examples to the East African region.

#6-Stakeholders views in the LAPSSET project.

#7- Mind map (overview) on Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

These revision notes should be used in conjunction with the initial ideas document.


More may be added in the future.

Good luck for your exam!

HideShow resource information
Preview of Pre-release series (#4) [2014]:pre-release revision notes

First 414 words of the document:

Pre-release (bridging the development gap) extra
Sub-Saharan Africa is different and should not be generalised. There are differences between the rates of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania,
Ghana and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Colonialism began in the 19th century; the aim was to exploit the physical, human and economic resources. This was in order to
supply the increased demand of the European powers and therefore it was essential for them to vertically integrate the colonies.
This was done throughout the world but the dominant power was the British Empire.
Tanzania was the German Empire's until the end of WW1 where it was renamed to `Tanganyika' and under the British
Empire's control. Tanzania became independent in 1961.
Uganda was the British Empire's and became independent in 1962.
Kenya was the British Empire's and became independent in 1963.
What was the effect of colonialism on East Africa (today)?
Colonialism had a large effect on East Africa which is still highlighted today by the arbitrary boundaries created under the British
Empire. They disregard the ethno linguistic groups [see figure 8 and view 6].
The geography of East Africa
Lake Victoria
Water conflicts
Shared basin between Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. is the shared basin. Uganda had blackouts in 2006 because of drought and
depends on hydroelectric power.[water conflicts]: Lake Victoria is Afirca's
largest lake. Problems began as a result of a second hydroelectric power station
in Uganda. There is conflicts with Kenya and Tanzania. Lake Victoria has reduced
by 3ft because of the two hydropower stations. These stations create 100
megawatts of power supplied from hydropower while the demand for electricity
increases to 400 megawatts. This reduces River Nile supply to Sudan and Egypt
so possible further conflicts between other African countries. By 2025, 25
countries will face water stress or water security. They have had to import fuel
oils which accounts for 19% of their imports in 2010. See figure 6.
East African Rift Valley
The Western branch of the East African Rift Valley divides Uganda from the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The Virungao volcano is in Uganda as a result of the East African Rift Valley.
The Ugandan rift valley is a biodiversity hotspot and biodiversity reserve (UNESCO).

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Mount Kenya and the Masai Mari plains are a result of the East African Rift Valley.
Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti plains.
Ruwenzori Mountains
Ajai game reserve.
Lake Victoria
Lake Kyoga
Lake Edward
Lake George
Lake Albert: oil was found here.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Uganda has had a significant improvement larger than predicted from 1990 to 2012 as in 1990 it was 0.3. They have improved
significantly in both income and non-income dimensions. Uganda's rank is 161st at 0.456.
Tanzania's HDI is 0.476 and their rank is 152nd which has improved by 1.
Development indicators
Development indicators Kenya Tanzania Uganda
Percentage of the ____________ 28% (2009) 25% (2009)
population below the 45.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Debts and spending
Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative
Remember the impact of superpowers on these countries!!! What is their control?
It was launched in 1996 by the IMF and World Bank.
The aim was to ensure no poor country faces a debt burden it cannot manage.
It was approved by 36 countries with 30 of these countries in Africa.
In 2005, it helped accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals which was supplemented by the
Multilateral Debt Initiative (MDRI).…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

The effects of colonialism on the creation of boundaries which do not represent the different ethno linguistic groups. This is
highlighted by figure eight and view 4.
Governance, corruption and democracy in East Africa
Index of African governance Kenya Uganda Tanzania
Overall 53.6/100 56/100 55/100
Corruption perception index
Uganda and Kenya' score is 20-29.
Tanzania is 30-39.
East African Community
They aim to achieve a single customs union.
They also achieve to aim a common currency.
They aim to harmonise monetary and fiscal policies.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Questions to consider
I. Could this happen to the East African Federation?
II. What would happen if there was a breakup of the federation?
III. Who would be the leader of this federation if the two chairmen of the East African Community are Kenyan and the
headquarters would be in Tanzania?
IV.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Save Lamu
There was no environmental impact assessment carried out.
Parallel example: ESPO pipeline
This is also involved with China as their demand for energy increases. The pipeline has similar troubles with the UNESCO protected
site (Lake Bakal) and Amur leopard.
Kenya Vision 2030
The aim is to create a globally prosperous and competitive nation. It aims to provide a high quality of life for all citizens whilst
maintaining a clean and safe environment.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »