Pre-release series (#5) [2014]:parallel examples for the pre-release

Hi there.

If you haven't seen my resources yet then this is sort of a series I've created for the pre-release of June 2014.

Here's #5.

Projected documents in the series:

#0.5- Initial ideas.

#1- Timelines of East Africa from the 1880s to the present day.

#2- Possible questions for the pre-release.

#3- Theories of development.

#4- Extra research and the overall pre-release revision notes.

#5-Parallel examples to the East African region.

#6-Stakeholders views in the LAPSSET project.

#7- Mind map (overview) on Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.


More may be added in the future.

Good luck for your exam!

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Preview of Pre-release series (#5) [2014]:parallel examples for the pre-release

First 562 words of the document:

Parallel examples to the East African
Sri Lanka
+ Both the East African region and Sri Lanka were previously British colonies.
Sri Lanka gained independence on the 4th February in 1948.
Whereas, Tanzania gained independence in 1964, Uganda gained independence in 1962 and
Kenya gained independence in 1963.
+ As a result of the effect of colony breakup, both countries have suffered conflict.
Sri Lanka has suffered conflict with the Tamil Tigers until 2009.
Yet in East Africa, the conflict has occurred because of the arbitrary boundaries formed as aresult
of the British Empire. This forced the combination of the different ethno linguistic groups in
countries which has caused conflict. This was highlighted in the Rwanda civil war, Ugandan Bush
War and the war between Uganda and Tanzania in 1978 and 1979.
+ Both are/or aiming to be a sovereign state.
Sri Lanka is already a sovereign state.
This is contrasted with the East African Federation which aims to be a sovereign state.
+ They both can be applied to the theories of dependency, modernisation and the theory of core and
In terms of the theory of dependency, they both have a neo-colonial link to the British Empire with a
neo-colonial dependency on the British Empire. This is through `cash crops', e.g. both export tea: 21% in Tanzania
and Sri Lanka has a large number of tea plantations. They are both subjected to the EU tariffs which are higher for
manufactured goods.
According to modernisation, both countries are "less developed" as they have only just begun to have FDI i.e.
from China in accordance to the LAPSSET project and in Sri Lanka the average was 1.15% of the GDP during the
In addition, both regions can be applied to the core and periphery region. This is highlighted in Sri Lanka by
the social disparity between the rural and urban areas. This may also be shown in Uganda because they could be
seen as a periphery from the core regions as it is less developed than Kenya and Tanzania [see figure 3]. Maybe
this be because Uganda is a landlocked country and has been less advantaged, in comparison to the coastal
countries. E.g. Kenya's Mombasa port plays a key role in transiting goods.
+ Both countries are risking biodiversity in favour for development (through projects).
Sri Lanka's Mahaweli Development Programme aims to clear and irrigate 365,000 hectares of
forest to provide farmland. The impact on deforestation can further reduce the biodiversity of
the country.
There is concern in association with the LAPSSET project as the infrastructure project may
damage Lamu Island which is a UNESCO protected site. It is has had no environmental risk
assessments despite the location of coral reefs and mangroves.
+ Both the EU and the East African Community are/aiming to be a trade bloc. They both aim to provide tariffs,
free trade, a shared customs procedure and a legislative assembly.
+ The EU and East African Federation were both set up in order to prevent further conflict.
The EU was proposed following the Depression and WW2.
+ The EU and East African Federation are both proposing or have a shared currency.

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+ The USSR was previously a sovereign state which the East African Federation aims to be.
What are the impacts of this occurring? / What were the impacts of the breakup of the USSR?/ How did the
USSR compare as a superpower?
ESPO pipeline
+ The ESPO pipeline and LAPSSET project are both are an infrastructural project. They both have potential
damage to a UNESCO protected site. Biodiversity vs. development. [Lamu Island/Lake Bakal].…read more



Thank you!!!!!!!

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