Politics examples for Judiciary/Civil Liberties topic

I have put together loads of examples to use in essay questions on the judiciary because having them in your essay to help demonstrate a point can really up your essay grade, and whenever I just google politics examples, I can never find any :P Hope this helps, going to try make some for the other politics topics too :) 

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Examples/Cases to use in politics essays
The Judiciary
Prominent public inquiries
Lord Nolan's inquiry (1995) into standards in public life, looking into party finances
and funding.
Lord Scott's inquiry into the sale of arms to Iraq (1996) ­ government implicated in
allowance to sell arms to a pariah state but conclusion was that it was the fault of
civil servants. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/bbc_parliament/3631539.stm
Macpherson inquiry into the killing of the black teenager Stephen Lawrence
(1999). London Met Police were said to be 'institutionally racist'.
Hutton inquiry into suspicious circumstances of the death of weapons expert David
Kelly (2003)
Leveson Inquiry into press and media standards (2012)
Saville inquiry (1998) into Bloody Sunday killings
Concerns about judicial independence, increasing trend for politicians to
criticise judicial decisions, breaking 'sub-judice' rule.
In 2003, David Blunkett condemns release of 9 Afghan hijackers
In 2005, Charles Clarke criticises release of terrorist suspects from Belmarsh prison
In 2007, John Reid criticizes decision not to deport murderer Philip Lawrence
when he is released
Concerns about judicial neutrality
Lord Denning and Lord Donaldson were senior judges in the 1980s and concerns
were raised because one was a former conservative councillor and public critic of
trade union power, so there was a potential class/political bias.
Lord Hoffman, who was involved in judging the case of the extradition of Chilean
dictator General Pinochet, charged with murder, torture and genocide in 1998,
had failed to disclose that he had links to Amnesty International, a human rights
group. The ruling he had made was subsequently overturned.
Also there have been concerns over judges speaking out against government policy.
Lord Bingham (Lord Chief Justice of 1996-2000) called for the rule of law to
include protection for fundamental human rights and for states to comply with
their obligations under international law.
Lord Woolf (2000-2005) criticized government handling of the Constitutional
reform act and some of the provisions it included.
Lord Phillips (2005-2008) criticized the wider use of mandatory sentences.
Judicial review, high profile cases
2011, High court ruling that Michael Gove had abused his power in failing to
consult councils before scrapping their Building Schools for the Future programs.
Successful use of Human Rights Act 1998

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Rights of spouses to succeed a tenancy in the case of a tenants death was
extended to include homosexual couples. (2004)
Belmarsh Prison case ­ 9 terrorist suspects who had been held without trial in
Belmarsh prison were released because the law on which their detention was
based discriminated illegally between foreign nationals and UK subjects. (2004)
The decision not to deport the murderer of Philip Lawrence to Italy when his
sentence is completed.…read more


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