Government Revision AS

Government side of the government and politics course. Includes

  • The executive - in depth explanation and analysis (including cabinet, cabinet government, the prime minister, the prime minister's office)
  • Parliament (functions, powers, role)
  • the civil service
  • the judiciary
  • constitutional reform over the centuries (including those of Blair's Labour govt and the 2011 referendum on electoral systems)
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  • Created by: Morag
  • Created on: 29-04-13 13:27
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Politics RAT revision

The Constitution

Constitution: a set of laws that determine what powers and duties the central institutions and offices
of state have what they are to be and how they relate to each other and the public.
Role and functions
Provide a clear set of rules for both…

Page 2

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Constitutional Reform 1997 onwards
Constitutional Reform Act 2005
Modified the office of Lord chancellor so he must be qualified by experience
Established a supreme court as the final court of law and appeal
Registration of Political Parties Act 1998, Local Government Act 2000, Political Parties, Elections
and Referendums Act

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Referenda for moving to AV vote for elections to the HoC and a democratic and accountable
second chamber
Improved citizenship education for young people followed by a free vote on reducing the
voting age to 16
Fixed term parliaments
Written constitution
Stronger local government
Lib Dems:
PR voting system for…

Page 4

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No real electoral reform, the promise of a referendum on electoral reform was not fulfilled
although PR was used for the elections to N.Irish, Welsh and Greater London Assemblies and
Scottish and European parliament.
NB: There was a referendum on electoral reform- AV- in 2011 as part of the coalition…

Page 5

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Not true in the UK- by convention, government ministers all sit in Parliament and the Lord
Chancellor/secretary of state for justice has responsibility for the management of the court
Responsible government
The government must take responsibility for its actions
The right of citizens to call a minister to account…

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It concerns principles of rights or justice such as the common law of patient confidentiality in
the NHS which protects people's privacy. Whilst this should be a very important source of the
UK constitution as the protection of people's rights should be paramount, in reality common
law is not the…

Page 7

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The British monarchy- reigns but does not rule. There is a constitutional monarchy- the monarch acts
as head of state within a constitution. There is a triple personality: Hoc, HoL and monarch. The
monarch is never allowed in the Hoc.
Parliamentary government implies the following features:
Parliament is the only…

Page 8

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Policy maker- responsible for every aspect of national policy- Nick Clegg `going back' on manifesto
promises such as the scrapping of tuition fees.
Parliament- the PM is the head of parliament
Party head- the prime minister is head of a political party. Sometimes this is said to be negative, as…

Page 9

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Can increase power and influence- consistently good polling results added to Blair's strength
in the early years from 1997
Can decrease power and influence- Brown's prestige dropped when opinion polls placed the
conservatives close to Labour in late 2007. He called off an intended election
Party support-
Can increase power…

Page 10

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Can decrease power and influence- unpopular policies and a lack of leadership undermined
any attempts of Hague, Smith and Howard to make any headway against a strong Labour

Limits on the PM's powers:
The Tory party and MPs rejected Thatcher in 1990, ending her premiership. Major, her
successor, failed…




An excellent resource

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