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What is the constitution

A set of principles, written or unwritten, that
establishes the distribution of power within a

The UK political system , relationships between political
institutions the limit of government jurisdiction, the
rights of the citizens and the method of amending

the constitution itself

Nature of the…

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Uncodified constitution Entrenchment

Many argue that because the UK constitution is This is what protects the constitution from short
uncodified it does not exist. Parts of it may be term amendment. As constitutional reform makes
written but there is no one single document. a massive impact on a country's political…

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Arguments for a uncodified constitution (2) Arguments for a codified constitution

Difficulty in changing it it would be immensely Human rights ­ there are no real safe guards for
difficult to gather the constitution into one the human rights act 1998 as parliament is
document as it stems from so…

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Sovereignty in the UK The EU and the Constitution (1)

Legal sovereignty ­ parliament is the legislature Parliament passed the Europeans committee act
and is the only power that can pass/repeal laws. in 1972 allowing Britain to join the EU

Political sovereignty ­ political power lies with the
EU law…

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Why labour supported constitutional reform Principles of labours reforms
in 1997
Democratisation ­ the house of lords and the
The parties ideology had always supported equal unrepresentative electoral system
rights democracy and the abolition of traditional
establishment powers Decentralisation ­ dispersing power away to
local authorities, due to the long…

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London mayor Devolution

After an era of Thatcher who abolished the GLC In 1998 the Good Friday agreement devolved
and split London up into 33 boroughs the labour power back to northern Ireland after it had been
party wanted to restore power back to London. taken back in 1972.


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Assessment of constitutional reform Possible future reforms

The fully appointed House of Lords is still not Transfer powers from government and PM to
accountable or representative. commons ­ deploy troops, decide on a date of
the general election, declare war, ratify or reject
House of Commons remains ineffective and foreign…

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Plenary sessions Standing committees

These are where the house meets in full usually Each new piece of legislation is looked at by a
during prime ministers question or when a great group of 15 50 MP's and peers in order to make
topic of the day arises such as the…

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Functions of parliament (1) Functions of parliament (2)

Legitimating parliament needs to pass any Opposition ­ in the UK we have adversial politics
proposed government bill in order for it to so every time a proposal is made it is expected
become law this is in effect parliament, the government…

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Examples of the House of Lords going Similarities / differences between the two
against the will of the government houses
Commons and Lords have a similar procedure,
Gambling order 2007 ­ lords refused to pass the spend time passing legislation, the shape is
act for a super casino to be…


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Thank-you!! Perfect for the night-before the exam final revision!

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