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Parliamentary and presidential government
Parliamentary government
Parliament is the main source of political
authority in the UK
Government must be drawn from
Powers of govt and legislature are `fused'
Govt must be accountable to parliament

Presidential government
Legislature and executive have separate
sources of power, they are elected…

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Example of select committees The speaker

Health The speakers role is to manage the house by
Culture, media and sport selecting members to speak during debates and
Defence arranging the business of thee house with party
Transport leaders. The speaker is supposed to be fully
neutral and not be influenced…

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Functions of parliament (5) Why has the House of Lords become more
Financial control ­ any changes to the tax system
or funding allocation need to be passed by Governments have large majorities in the
parliament and the financial powers of the commons, the House of Lords therefore balances…

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Why government dominates parliament (1) Why government dominates parliament (2)

The electoral system almost guarantees that one The prime minister can threaten to call a general
party will win and with a strong majority election to bring MP's into line

Party loyalty in the UK is strong as political parties…

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Parliamentary reform House of Commons House of Commons browns possible
PMQ's changed from two short sessions to one
longer session, New offices for MP's, allowances Commons should have more of a say in
for secretarial and research backing, select appointment of senior government appointments
committee appointments are in the…

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The government

Although this figure changes in general the
government consists of 25 peers and 90 MP's
The Prime 23 cabinet members the head of government the
prime minister and secretaries of state,
15 senior non cabinet posts ­ people who are not
Minister and important enough to be in…

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Other forms of government Cabinet government
Minority government ­ winning party fails to win
an absolute majority, find it difficult to pass The cabinet represented the collective identity of
legislation and financial budgets, they are the government
therefore short lived
All important domestic and many foreign policies
Coalition government shared…

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Functions of the cabinet today Formation of a cabinet

Settling disputes between ministers Vital part of PM's powers of patronage, he
appoints and can dismiss senior members of
Making decisions that cannot be made elsewhere government
­ gain cabinet support, to save the PM
embarrassment The PM must decide if…

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Limits on Prime ministerial power Presidential government
effectively head of state the country unites
The size of the majority in the House of Commons behind the PM in times of national emergency ­
­ john major just 21, tony blairs majority of over Diana
Large amount of personal advisors…

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Features of a ministers job Features of a civil servants job

Politically committed to one party Must display no political allegiance
Temporary only hold office as long as PM Permanent wish to move up through the ranks
wishes Keep their jobs when the party changes
Will lose office if party…


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