Plan to a 40 mark question

on the partition of India

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  • Created on: 06-05-11 22:35
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Do you agree that the partition of India was caused mainly by the
impact of WW2?
Support ­ mainly by war Against ­ Other factors
1) BRITAIN'S POST-WAR CIRCUMSTANCES: 4) LONG TERM DIVISIONS:
Britain is economically and militarily Curzon's 1905 partition of Bengal, Hindus
exhausted; therefore partition is a reject it, whilst Muslims are happy with the
pragmatic choice, as Britain is unable to partition, thus highlighting the contrast in
prevent violence. attitudes.
16th August 1946 Direct action day takes Jinnah's attempts to unite the different
place, as a result of Nehru's arrogance nations fail.
within the Cabinet Mission. Natural religious divisions, Islam and
2) MOUNTBATTEN'S ROLE: Hinduism represent two totally different
His charm offensive fails in trying to win nations
Jinnah over. Mountbatten is close to Nehru, The formulation of the All India Muslim
which leaves speculation that he is League in 1906 shows that partition was
Pro-Congress and Anti-Muslim. Jinnah is inevitable. Even during earlier years, we
determined not to work with him and see active steps being taken to protect the
avoids the opportunity at all costs. Atlee Muslim minority, initially suggesting that
and Cripps are also rumoured to be siding there are underlying divisions.
with Congress. Muslims fear that their Gandhi does not represent all minorities in
minority is under threat, therefore a huge the 2nd Round Table conference.
sense of Muslim isolation becomes Methods taken by Jinnah and Gandhi totally
apparent. contrast. Gandhi emphasises upon civil
3) MUSLIM/HINDU RESPONSES TO WW2 obedience, whilst Jinnah initially is in support
Congress decline the war, feeling fed up of of constitutional methods (until Direct action
supporting the British. This is demonstrated day as a last resort). Jinnah rejects
through 1942 Quit India campaign, and the Satyagrahas, and Gandhi and Jinnah do not
formulation of the Indian National army. The agree on how to get rid of the British.
Muslim League see the opportunity to Muslims are excluded within the 1937
exploit this after Congress members resign, provincial elections, where Hindus
and realise that they will increase political dominated democracy
power by supporting the British. In 5) DIVIDE AND RULE
December 1940, the Lahore Declaration is An alternate view to challenge the question
implemented; ensuring Muslim interests are is that the British exploited internal
secured at best. non-visible divisions and developed them
into more evident ones. There are
circumstances in which In fact show union
between Hindus and Muslims ­ they unite in
opposing the British:
1905 ­ Bengal is divided
1916 ­ League and Congress unite
1928 ­ Simon Commission
1935 ­ Government of India Act ­ unite
against Britain

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Therefore in this way, Britain highlighted
divisions and divided them further, thus
gradually causing later partition as a long
term cause.
In essence, history provides evidence to suggest that partition was inevitable; the impact of World
War Two was not mainly the cause of partition, but did play a limited role in advocating the new
nation of Pakistan. Short-term causes of partition, such as the impact of war, contributed a role as a
catalyst, further fuelling the already present long term divisions in India.…read more

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