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Topic 1
Population Dynamics…read more

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Key Words
· Birth Rate the number of births per 1000 people in a year
· Death Rate the number of deaths per 1000 people in a year
· Migration people changing their place of residence, within or between countries
· Natural Increase the difference between birth and death rate
· Natural Change the change (increase or decrease) in population numbers, from the difference
between the birth and death rate
· Zero Population Growth when natural and migration change cancel each other out, no change
is the total population
· Infant Mortality Rate The number of deaths in children (under 11) per 1000 live births a year
· Population Structure the composition of a population, in terms of age or gender
· Population Pyramid the diagram way of showing the age and sex of a population
· Ageing Population a population with a rising average age
· Youthful Population a population with a high percentage/population of people under 16
· Replacement Level the level of fertility where women are only having enough children to replace
themselves and their parents in the population
· Tipping Point the point where the momentum of change becomes unstoppable
· Population Policies measures taken by the government to influence population size, growth,
distribution or composition
· Pro-Natalist Policies policies which encourage people to have more children
· Anti-Natalist Policies policies which encourage people to have fewer children…read more

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Demographic Transition Model
c h
a t ea
e ns
a p p
t h de l
h a m o
w w h e
k o
n e in t
d t o t ag
e e s
N…read more

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Population Pyramids…read more

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Examples of population structures
Japan ­ Ageing Population
· Birth rate is low
· Low death rate
· High life expectancy
· Developed country with people
moving their to life a civilised life
style in their old age
· People are living longer due to good
heath care
· As a result taxes need to increase to
pay for the services needed by the
ageing population
· Fewer workers in the economy
· Increase in high quality, reliable
health care…read more

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Thank you. This was very helpful :)

Alex Clarke

So good! Thank you so much! 


wow this is good!!thanks alot

Andrew Baker

This is really helpful thank you

Amber Simm

really good!!


Amazing, thanks so much!


Thank you so much! Has everything I need :)

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