GCSE Geography Unit 1 Edexcel: Challenges for the Planet

My revision notes for 'Challenges for the Planet', one of two topics for Unit 1 Edexcel Geography.

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Unit 1: Geographical Skills

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Unit 2: River Landscapes

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  • Created by: Ajay
  • Created on: 18-06-12 12:17

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Page 1

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Challenges for the Planet

Negative impacts of climate change on the environment
87% of the 300 glaciers in the Antarctic Peninsula have shrunk over the past 50
years, and 7 floating ice shelves have collapsed over the past 30 years.
The Greater Barrier Reef suffered significant bleaching in 1998, 2002…

Page 2

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Within the next 15 years, rising sea levels will force 396,000 residents to migrate.
The Indian Ocean island nation of Maldives is the lowest lying in the world.
Protective coral reefs are mined for building material, and fresh water supplies are

Why are some people at risk?

Page 3

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Why are people who live in Bangladesh at risk?
Around 10,000 people in the Kesobpur district have been affected by the flooding. In
Katakhali, land once used to produce rice is now an informal fishery for 9 months per year.
People can only eat twice a day due to food…

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What are organisations doing to become more sustainable?
Asda have signed up to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and the
Palm Oil Coalition, and plan to use only sustainable palm oil by 2015.
Asda Asda are using more natural light and focusing on renewable energy sources.
Asda have made…

Page 5

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Responses to climate change
UK's target is to cut carbon emissions to 20% below the 1990 levels by 2020.
15% of carbon emissions are produced by houses, so councils are important.
Government has given local councils £4m since April 2008.

Aberdeen County Council - In 1999 they adopted a strategy…

Page 6

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Resource extraction in tropical rainforests
Carajas Iron Ore Mining project which uses wood to power its pig iron
Mining in plants, resulting in annual deforestation of 6100km2.
Brazil In the State of Roraima there have been conflicts between gold
prospectors and the Indigenous Yanomamo Indians.
In the Oriente region, toxic…

Page 7

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Local indigenous people of the Amazon rainforest have taken oil companies to
court because of the destruction of their environment since the 1960s. Texaco have
agreed to pay $40m for cleaning up 160 of the 600 waste pits created. However,
the chief of the local Secoya tribe says that…


Mr A Gibson


A brilliantly diverse and factual resource on this topic which brings together a lot of great examples of sustainability and the not-so-sustainable too. I would definitely be using this to increase my general knowledge of the topic but also for specific points and examples. Good work..!

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