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23rd February 2010 Psychology




COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: MODELS OF MEMORY: MULTISTORE MODEL

WHAT IS THE MULTISTORE MODEL?

The MSM was proposed by Atkinson ad Shriffin in 1968. It is a structural model that identifies three
stores and explains how information is transferred between them. Information first enters through the
sensory memory…

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23rd February 2010 Psychology




Research study : Capacity

Miller (1956)

The digit span technique by Jacob (1887) coincides with Miller's study in 1956. Miller suggested
that the span of the STM is limited by the chunks of information that we can remember rather
than the individual letters. Miller found that…

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23rd February 2010 Psychology




Research study : Encoding

Conrad (1964)

Conrad showed his participants a range of different words on a screen one group of acoustically
similar word and one of acoustically different words. After the presentation they were asked to
immediately recall the letters they had seen. Conrad found…

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23rd February 2010 Psychology




Presents a passive view of memory.
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: MODELS OF MEMORY: THE WORKING MEMORY MODEL

WHAT IS THE WORKING MEMORY MODEL?

Baddeley and Hitch (1974) suggested that short term memory has three separate components. They
used the dual task method to test if their hypothesis was…

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23rd February 2010 Psychology




Research study

Baddeley, Grant, Wight and Thomson (1973)

Participants had to follow a spot of light whilst carrying out a visual imagery task with a block
capital letter. This proved difficult for the participants, because both tasks were competing for the
same resources. It would have…

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23rd February 2010 Psychology




The main techniques used in cognitive interview are:

Context reinstatement (CR) Individual visualises the entire event, recalling what happened,
the scenery and thoughts and feeling.

Report everything (RE) Reporting every detail even if it seems irrelevant.

Recall from changed perspective Imagining how the event would look…

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